why abortions should remain legal in the United States not illegal

why abortions should remain legal in the United States not illegal

Approximately forty five years ago the United States supreme court declared that conducting abortion was within the law yet  Americans continue to be divided by varying opinion on whether abortion should remain legal or not. Individuals who either support pro-life or pro-choice have various reasons why they feel abortion should or should not be permissible. For decades, abortion right movements have advocated for legal and safe abortion terming it as a way of empowering women (Berer, 2005). On the other hand, most human rights bodies from all over the world have lacked to encourage legalization of abortion at the request of a woman but rather seek for its decriminalization. Abortion should be legal due to the economic strain associated with bringing up a child; it encourages safe abortion, promotes women’s rights, and enhances the overall wellbeing of a woman.

Abortion should remain legal since many women seeking abortion face economic hardships. According to Foster et al. (2018), half of women who seek abortion in the United States struggle to pay for food, transportation, and housing. Therefore, when denied a chance to abort, they bring up their children under unfavorable conditions. Study shows that there is a difference between women who were denied a chance to have an abortion compared to women who received abortion (Foster et al., 2018). Women who were denied abortion often face economic hardships. Furthermore, abortion plays a vital role in mitigating the loss of full-time employment. Most of the women who seek abortion live in a household where they are the sole provider hence if denied abortion the burden of raising the children leads to further financial strains (Foster et al., 2018). Argument against abortion claims that the end should not justify the mean. Furthermore, there are morally acceptable alternatives such as giving up a child for adoption if a mother is not capable of raising the child (Erdman, 2017). However, there are other negative outcomes associated with adoption and ensuring women are granted the chance to abort is the most effective things.

Legalization of abortion facilitates safe abortion. One of the reasons for legalization of abortion was to provide safe abortion and facilitate patient care for the woman going through it. According to the World Health Organization (2012), approximately twenty two million people all over the world go through unsafe abortions which result in five million complications and 47,000 deaths. Notably, World Health Organization (2012) states that the main factor driving women to conduct unsafe abortion is lack of safe services. Moreover, the number is highest in middle income countries and places where abortion is illegal. In countries where the law restricts abortion, safe abortion is enjoyed by the rich while women from poor families have to resort acquiring services in unsafe places. Consequently, such countries continue to experience deaths which could be prevented as well as financial and social burdens to the public health system. When abortion was legalized in the United States, deaths and illnesses due to unsafe abortion reduced significantly (World Health Organization, 2012).