What is the role of evidence in the policy making process?

What is the role of evidence in the policy-making process?

 

Evidence-based/informed policy has grown in prominence over the last 20
years, discuss with reference to the literature, the competing pressures for
evidence in the policy process. The essay should include a discussion of the
complexity, issues, barriers, and bias in the process
2. The process of appraising and synthesizing evidence is seen as a crucial
element of Evidence-Based Policy. Discuss the current debates in this area
and, with reference to the literature, outline the main issues that different
approaches to synthesizing evidence generate for those engaged in policymaking.
Marking criteria

 

What is the importance of basing health policies on evidence?

A strong assignment will demonstrate a high standard of achievement in each of the
following areas. The overall grade will reflect attainment across these elements but
there is no explicit weighting.
 Evidence of engagement with the research literature: does the student demonstrate
that they have read and understood the main literature (as signposted in the
lectures and reading list)?
 Analysis and application:
o Option 1: Is there a critical analysis of the issues and barriers for
evidence-based policy, drawing on appropriate literature?
Is there evidence of the complexity of the relationship between evidence
and policy and different forms of bias?
o Option 2: Is there a critical analysis of the debates on the synthesis and the
issues arising from the main approaches, drawing on appropriate
literature?

 

Assignment 2: Evaluation

 

Please answer ONE of the following questions.
1. For an existing evaluation study, provide a critical assessment of the approach
that has been adopted, relating your case study to your learning from the wider
evaluation literature. You should: identify the purpose of the evaluation and
the challenges facing the evaluators in this case; and assess the strengths and
weaknesses of the approach adopted.
2. For an existing program, identify an approach that could be used to
evaluate one or more aspects of the intervention, relating your case study to
your learning from the wider evaluation literature. You should: specify the
purpose of your evaluation and identify the challenges facing you as an
evaluator in this case; and provide an approach that might be adopted,
assessing its strengths and weaknesses.

 

Marking criteria

 

A strong assignment will demonstrate a high standard of achievement in each of the
following areas. The overall grade will reflect attainment across these elements but
there is no explicit weighting.
 Evidence of engagement with the evaluation literature: does the student show that
they have read and understood at least some of the material signposted in the
reading lists, and drawn on this appropriately to support their argument at
different points?
 Summary of the policy or program: does the student provide a clear but
succinct summary of the policy or program being evaluated in a way that
makes clear the context for the evaluation?
 Analysis of purpose of the evaluation: for option 1, does the student clearly
identify what the aims of the evaluation were; or for option 2, does the student
clearly articulate aims for their evaluation?
 Analysis of the evaluation challenges: does the student show an appreciation of
the major challenges which face their kind of evaluation?
 Option 1: Is there a clear analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the
evaluation?
 Option 2: Is there a clear design or approach set out, and a critical reflection on its
strengths and weaknesses or limitations?