What is the purpose of an ecological model?

What is the purpose of an ecological model?

What is the purpose of an ecological model?

Identify how the social worker might have used the ecological model to understand Brandon’s situation based on a person-in-environment perspective. Explain the use of the ecological model in this case on micro, mezzo, and macro levels.
Describe strengths that the social worker may have missed in assessing Brandon and his mother.
Explain how the social worker applied social work ethics and values in the case.
Review the challenges that the social worker identifies and explain the impact the abuse could have had on Brandon had his strengths not been identified and addressed.

Brandon is a 12-year-old, Caucasian male who currently resides with his mother and her boyfriend.
Brandon
Brandon is a 12-year-old, Caucasian male who currently resides with his mother and
her boyfriend. Six years ago, Brandon disclosed that his father had repeatedly sexually
abused him between the ages of 4 and 6. Brandon’s mother called law enforcement
immediately after the disclosure, and his father has been incarcerated since. Brandon
has previously participated in therapy to address challenging behaviors, including
physical aggression, difficulty following rules at home and school, and using
inappropriate language with sexual overtones toward female peers. Brandon and his
mother report that they ceased participating in therapy in the past after there was no
change in Brandon’s behavior. Brandon’s teachers have suggested that his behaviors
are similar to those of peers with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but his
mother has declined educational or psychological testing because she does not want
her son to be labeled and is unsure if she agrees with the use of psychotropic
medication with children.

 

 

What is the purpose of an ecological model?

Brandon began attending trauma-focused treatment after demonstrating an increase in
argumentative behavior and minor property destruction at home. His mother reported
that the majority of undesired behaviors were initiated during interactions with her
boyfriend during lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, when all three people were
confined to home. Brandon’s use of physical aggression has not increased since
returning to in-person school; however, a female peer recently reported him for using
sexually explicit language toward her. Brandon admitted to using inappropriate
language toward the female peer but appeared to have a limited understanding of what
the phrases used meant.

 

Ecological approach in social work

 

 

Brandon’s mother noted during intake that she is concerned
that her son will become a violent sexual offender or a pedophile and noted that his use
of sexual language was likely the start of sexual behavior problems.
At the beginning of treatment, Brandon reported that he frequently feared for his
physical safety but often could not pinpoint what made him feel unsafe. He had
searched the Internet to find registered sexual offenders in his neighborhood, and he
had begun sleeping with a loaded BB gun under his pillow in case someone entered the
home to assault him again. Brandon had flashbacks when trying to fall asleep and
described feeling like he was floating outside of his body when he thought of his abuse.
He had seen a television show where victims spoke at the parole hearings of their
perpetrators, and he spent many hours thinking about what he would say if he went to
his father’s parole hearing in 3 years. Brandon felt like he loved his father very much
and that his father was a great father except for when he hurt him. Brandon identified
wanting to feel less worried, sleep better, and fight less with his mother as primary
treatment goals.
Individual and Family Sessions
Brandon’s Sessions