Systematic Reviews—Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis

Systematic Reviews—Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis

Introduction

    1. Statement of Problem
      • This is usually one or two paragraphs and informs the reader of the problem, the scope of the problem, the significance of the problem (complications, negative outcomes, etc.), how the problem originated (article you read or clinical practice, etc.), and the significance of the problem to nursing.
    2. Background and Significance of Problem
      • This section takes each of the major points you made in the statement of the problem and expands on them. Statements in this section need to be referenced.
    3. Justification (includes a statement that really brings the issue home)
    4. Possible questions you might be answering in conducting a review of the literature and evidence
    5. Note: This section should not exceed one page.
  1. Review of the Evidence
    1. Introduction to the ROE
      • This should tell the reader what databases you searched, the search terms you used, what types of information you are including, and the order in which you are going to present the data.
    2. Review the relevant articles. Synthesize the findings for the reader.
    3. Review standards of practice, practice guidelines, patient data as appropriate.
  2. Analysis
    1. Summarize your appraisal of the evidence, the gaps in the evidence (if any), and the course you would take given what you have found.
    2. If further research is recommended, what would be your research question?
    3. If you were to move forward with this project, which EBP model would you work with? Briefly describe your next steps based on the model.
  3. Discussion
    1. The discussion section develops a plan to implement the best practice with the support of the literature.
  4. References and Grammar
    • This is usually one or two paragraphs and informs the reader of the problem, the scope of the problem, the significance of the problem (complications, negative outcomes, etc.), how the problem originated (article you read or clinical practice, etc.), and the significance of the problem to nursing.
  1. Background and Significance of Problem
    • This section takes each of the major points you made in the statement of the problem and expands on them. Statements in this section need to be referenced.
  2. Justification (includes a statement that really brings the issue home)
  3. Possible questions you might be answering in conducting a review of the literature and evidence
  4. Note: This section should not exceed one page.