Change in consumption pattern in India since the 1950s due to the effects of liberalization, globalization and demographics changes Since 1950 the global economy has nearly quintupled. The American Dream….
Swachh Bharat Mission: Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan
Swachh Vidyalaya and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a great idea given by our reverend Prime- Minister Sri Narendra Modi on Gandhi Jayanti, 2014. On 2 October 2014, Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi launched the campaign for Swachh Bharat. It was a dream of Mahatma Gandhi that all Indians should learn about cleanliness and implement it in their life. He was also interested in keeping the environment clean and had put an example to keep clean the Sabarmati Ashram by his own efforts. In his opinion cleanliness is more important than independence.
India is lagging-behind in terms of cleanliness. Keeping India clean and tidy will save money as well as it gives good result to the health of the people. Healthy citizens will be able to take the country towards development. Cleanliness and sanitation become a social responsibility of all citizens of India.
Aim of Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya
The main aim of Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya is to teach the young learners about the use of clean drinking water, promoting a sense of hand washing habits, basic sanitation, and to perform Swachh Bharat activities in their schools by various means.
In schools, young children have to be trained about cleanliness and health. The damage caused by dirt, garbage and waste is also to be taught in schools from the primary level. It is believed that when the students grow up as citizens, they would keep India clean and tidy. Students also learn good values by knowing about health in their schools and will also be aware about the health of his/her family and the society. In schools, students get into the habit of keeping everything clean, then they will take the responsibility of keeping their places as well as nearby places clean and beautiful.
The Brand Ambassador of Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan
The South Delhi Municipal Corporation celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of India Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru in a grand commemoration at the Ambedkar Stadium on the Children’s Day, 14th November 2014. Since South Delhi was led by BJP, hence the contemporary HRD minister Smriti Irani was also attended the occasion.
She announced a 12 year girl, Rashmi Nayak, a student of Nigam Pratibha Vidyalaya situated in defence colony at South Delhi as the brand ambassador of this campaign. Smriti Irani urged to the students to join the campaign and to take proper initiatives to keep their house, school and neighbourhood neat and clean.
The National Campaign – Swachh Bharat: Swachh School
Swachh Vidyalaya (SBSV), or “Clean India: Clean Schools”, was launched in October 2014, declaring the Indian government’s focus on cleanliness in Schools. This campaign is launched to ensure that every school in India has a well maintained water, sanitation and hygiene facilities.
Essential Elements of Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan
It can be achieved by adapting following essential elements as suggested by the HRD Ministry of Indian Govt.
Sanitation: There should be separate toilets for boys and girls in the schools in proportion to the enrolled students. The criterion recommended that one toilet and three urinals for every 40 students is mandatory. Hygiene management facility especially for the girl children should be available in every school. Proper arrangement of soap, private space for changing and disposal facility of menstrual waste under the observation of lady staff should be ensured.
Proper arrangement of washing the toilets and urinals with regular disposal of waste bins should be made and naphthalene balls and phenyl should be used every day to overcome from the foul smell and development of germs and bacteria that leaves ill-effect on health.
Daily Hand-Washing with Soap before Mid-Day Meal should be Encouraged: Every school should encourage the students to properly wash their hands with soap before they take mid-day meal. Teachers should also monitor the activities of every student and proper facility of water storage should be made so that 10 to 12 students can wash their hands at the same time. It has been also ensured that the water tanks must neat and clean and in reach of every student and minimum quantity of water has been used. The hand-washing session has been supervised by the teachers or special staff appointed for this who emphasis on better hand-wash techniques.
Safe Drinking Water: All schools have to make proper arrangement of safe drinking water. For this water purifiers should be installed and used. The students should be taught the lesson of using and saving water because good habits inculcate in childhood never end. This will also develop the student’s mind and they will be able to know the value of water and this precious liquid will be saved from its depletion too.
Operation and Maintenance (O&M): Regular inspection of water and sanitation facilities done by higher officials of the schools will enhance the quality. This will also ensure that the capital invested on such systems will not be wasted. Annual Maintenance Contracts (AMCs) can be issued to private agencies if there is no proper cleaning staff available. The private agencies do the work prominently as they have fear of ban on their payments. The supply of materials like soap, buckets, brooms and brushes and the repairing work is also issued to AMCs. Appointment of some local cleaning staffs by schools and education councils of the district head-quarters is an alternative method that will bring a change in the scenario.
Behaviour Change Activities: There should be regular activities in every school that promotes the change in the behaviour of the students. Either the hygiene topic has to be a part of the teaching through the books or it may be taught through various activities performed in the special days of the week. Supplementary reading materials should be issued to students to ensure the awakening among the students. It should be also taught that these activities have been performed not only in school premises but also followed at homes.
Female teachers should be allotted the task to teach the girl children in a sensitive and supportive way on menstrual hygiene. This step will support and encourage the girl child who missed their school during menstrual cycle. They overcome from the fear that was taught by their parents and elders of their home. A menstrual hygiene education session at school should be arranged time to time to teach the girl students so that they can manage themselves in tough time. Also schools should have proper private places to change and wash the cloths.
If the existing facilities are not proper then schools should have to make arrangement of facilities by constructing new rooms for this purpose. Schools must have the facility of sanitary pads and extra dresses in case of emergency. Enhanced training programmes for lady staff of the school should be arranged occasionally to make them able to handle any adverse situation if occurs.
Enhanced Capacities: To enhance the capacity of the schools at various levels there is a need to develop skill and knowledge of the staff. Experienced staff should be appointed and there should be a training programme for the staff at regular intervals for the effective results. The school staff along with the administrative authorities has to promote the methods to ensure scrupulous utilization and maintenance of the available facilities.
Swachh Vidyalaya Award 2018-2019
Swachh Vidyalaya Award 2018-2019 has been instituted by the Government of India to recognize, inspire and commemorate excellence in sanitation and hygiene practices in schools by Ministry of Human Resource Development. The explicit objective of this scheme is to honour the schools that have taken important steps to fulfill the order of Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan.
Under this campaign, government schools will be registered and they will be rewarded for their outstanding performance. The government wants to create a hygienic environment for school children. The government will promote hygiene related work on the basis of the criteria required for primary actions, such as drinking water, washing hands before eating, cleaning hands after defecation, etc. Under this campaign, the government has started making separate toilets for girls in all schools.
Our Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi has started a cleanliness drive in the country. He has implemented this campaign as a nationwide movement. With its name, it becomes easy to understand its functions.
Under this campaign, the government flag Swachh Vidyalaya Award has been organized. It is intended to reward all schools in the country on the basis of the request for cleanliness. Under this scheme, the intention of the government is to awaken the children considered to be the foundation of the country and keep them away from diseases.