Second Party System 1829-1856 in USA

Second Party System 1829-1856 in USA

Key issues- tariffs (farmers vs. merchants), and slavery.

Party Principle- The idea that a political party exists as an organization distinct from its elected officials or party leaders.

Spoils system- The practice of rewarding party supporters with benefits like federal government positions.

Political parties achieved unprecedented levels of power and organization.

The most competitive period in American history 2. Intense electoral competition both locally and nationally

Republicans would have dominated this period had it not been for unrelated events that hurt their fortunes.

Economic depressions in 1873 and 1890 2.The scandals of the Grant administration

To win required discipline, coordination, and energy. 1.Parties lined up like armies for combat

Highest voter turnout in American history (almost 80% turnout)

This ushered in the urban political machine.

1.Tammany Hall 2. 

Patronage jobs were the reward for electoral success

The election of 1896 was a realigning election.

a shifting of party coalitions Republicans

Eastern manufacturers

industrial Northeast and Midwest

Democrats (a losing coalition)

white Southerners

rural debtors

William Jennings Bryan was the Democratic nominee while William McKinley won the Republican nod.

Bryan was portrayed as a radical enemy of urban workers

McKinley’s campaign was almost entirely financed by Northern   industrialists

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