Rules to segregate white and non-white

Rules to segregate white and non-white

In the late 19th century, after the American Civil War, several states passed new rules to segregate “white” and “non-white” persons in public schools and public accommodations, while many private businesses also segregated their clients and customers through racial categories as well. Please explain how the United States Supreme Court responded to complaints about these forms of segregation, in The Civil Rights Cases (1883) and in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Also, please discuss how federal, state, and local officials dealt with Asians in Gong Lum v. Rice, 1927 and “Mexicans” as non-whites in Natalia Molina, In a Race of Their Own, 2010 and “lecture slides” file for both Asians and Mexicans, even as they allowed larger numbers of European immigrants to pass into American citizenship.