Occupational Health and safety strategies and organizational systems. Examine the purpose of integrated health and safety systems and strategies. Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) is an area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. The goals of occupational safety and health programs include fostering a safe and healthy work environment. It is a multi-disciplinary activity targeting four basic aspects namely; (1) The protection and promotion of workers health by preventing and controlling occupational diseases and accidents; (2) The development and promotion of healthy and safe work, work environments and work organizations; (3) Enhancement of physical, mental and social well-being of workers; and (4) Enabling workers to conduct socially and economically productive lives and to contribute positively to sustainable development (WHO 2010).
Occupational Health and safety strategies
In June 2003, the International Labour Conference discussed the International Labour Organization’s standards-related activities in the area of occupational safety and health. The discussion took place in the context of the tripartite Committee on Occupational Safety and Health comprising 104 Government members, 37 Employer members and 58 Worker members Ever since it was founded in 1919, the subject of occupational safety and health has been at the heart of the ILO’s work, including its standards-setting activities. The 2003 discussion attracted a high level of interest among delegates and reflected the importance which ILO constituents continue to attach to the issue of occupational safety and health.
About 45% of the world’s population and 58% of the population over 10 years of age belong to the global workforce. Their work sustains the economic and material basis of society which is critically dependent on their working capacity. Thus occupational health2 and the well-being of working people are crucial prerequisites for productivity and are of utmost importance for overall socioeconomic and sustainable development.