Lifespan development and self identity

Lifespan development and self identity. Positive self-concept and high self-esteem are considered essential characteristics in the wellbeing of adults as well as children. Self-esteem that is also referred to as self-image or self-worth refers to an evaluation of self and hence an association with worth or value. As an example, an individual may consider himself as an above average person with regards to moral values and hence have a positive self-esteem. Differently, self-concept is a domain specific evaluation of oneself and this involves consideration of specific areas such as in sports, appearance and others. An example is such as the consideration that more muscles make an athlete a superior performer.  On the other hand, self-efficacy is a term used in reference to the individual’s belief in their capacity at succeeding in certain tasks. As an example, a driver who has been in public transport for 10 years will consider himself as highly efficient in driving.

Lifespan development and self identity

The big five personality characteristics include extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism. From Sam and Becca’s case scenario presented, Becca has the personality characteristic of extraversion. According to Santrock (2016) extraversion often involves more engagement in social activities and higher sense of wellbeing in the future. Such aspects are evident from the fact that Becca had two mini vacations, spent time with her friends, and also made new friends in what evidences her sociable nature. For Sam, he exhibits characteristics of a conscientious person. Santrock (2016) describes conscientiousness as being characterized by organization or disorganization, being careful or careless, and being disciplined or impulsive. Over the break, Sam was more organized and disciplined as he preferred heading out on his favorite trails and spent most of his time with his dog Oreo while also hiking. Sam was more inclined towards routine that is also in line with being careful rather than careless.

Emotional quiz

  1. Attachment can be described as the emotional bonds between two people, where these bonds make the individuals feel closer to each other. On attachment styles, these are the types of attachment that describe relationships between two people. The avoidant style describes attachment between adults who are afraid of getting in romantic relationships. The anxious style involves attachment between adults who want closeness and are more possessive. The secure style refers to the attachment between positive minded adults in a relationship. As such, the attachment styles essentially project a characterization of the elements defining the relationships between two people who have emotional bonds.
  2. One of the developmental changes in emotion during the middle and late childhood is improved emotional understanding. During this change, elementary school children have an increased ability to understand emotions such as shame and pride that are characterized as complex emotions. Such emotions become less linked to other people’s reactions and are more self-generated while also being integrated to individual responsibility. As an example, a child can feel shame after hurting the feelings of another child and also have pride after a successful reading skill development.

Another developmental change at this stage is the use of self-initiated strategies in the redirection of feelings. During this stage, there is higher incidence of reflection on emotional experiences and the development of coping strategies for their emotional lives. The stage is characterized by increased ability to manage emotions through cognitive means and this can be such as the use of distracting thoughts.

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