Information Warfare & Cyberterrorism

Information Warfare & Cyberterrorism. Cyber attacks, network security and information pose complex problems that reach into new areas for national security and public policy. This paper looks at one set of issues – those related to cyber-terrorism and cyber attacks on critical infrastructure and their implications for national security. Cyber-terrorism is “the use of computer network tools to shut down critical national infrastructures (such as energy, transportation, government operations) or to coerce or intimidate a government or civilian population.”

Information Warfare & Cyberterrorism

The premise of cyber terrorism is that as nations and critical infrastructure became more dependent on computer networks for their operation, new vulnerabilities are created – “a massive electronic Achilles’ heel.” A hostile nation or group could exploit these vulnerabilities to penetrate a poorly secured computer network and disrupt or even shut down critical functions.

Write a three page paper outlining three major information warfare or cyberterrorism events that occurred around the globe in recent history. To complete the assignment:

1.Research the following three case studies:
◦Russian denial-of-service attack on the country of Estonia in 2007
◦Cyberattacks during the 2008 South Ossetia war between Georgia and Russia
◦US State Department Compromised Computers in the East Asia Bureau in July 2006

2.For each of the three case studies above, address all of the following:
◦Who was the victim of the cyberterrorism or information warfare campaign?
◦Who was the aggressor in the cyberterrorism or information warfare campaign?
◦What type of cyber attack occurred? (e.g. virus, malicious code, denial-of-service, hacking, etc.)
◦Explain how the technique was used and what the outcome was for the victim.
◦What has the victim (country or person) done since the cyber attack to prevent similar attacks from occurring, in the future?

3.Compare and contrast the different attacks. Based on your analysis, which cyber defense mechanisms you think are critical to preventing the recurrence of these types of cyber attacks in the future.
The paper must be three pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least three scholarly resources. Cite your resources in text and on the reference page.

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