Factors Leading to Delinquency analysis

Factors Leading to Delinquency analysis. Juvenile delinquency continues to be a major problem in today’s society and this has brought the need to understand the contributing factors and how to deal with the problem. Delinquency is a legal concept that refers to behavior which is not aligned to accepted social standards. In most instances, juvenile delinquency refers to crimes committed by the youth in what makes them subject to the criminal justice system. Some of the factors leading to juvenile delinquency include poor school attendance, unsatisfactory grades, and associating with bad company in school.

            Poor school attendance is one of the significant factors linked to juvenile delinquency since it directly contributes to academic failure, poverty, crime, and delinquency. Truant students feel isolated, have low self-esteem, are unpopular, and have poor academic skills (Lorenzo, 2016). Such aspects come from the fact that truant students spend lesser time in school as compared to non-truant students and this leads to poor academic skills since the child is absent from classes. Truancy may be brought about by uncontrollable factors in the child’s environment such as coming from an unhappy family, a poverty stricken family, or one where the parents have irregular earnings. In such a case, truancy may be as a result of the need for the child to participate in economic productive activities that increase the family’s income. Such students are subject to low self-esteem and the feelings of isolation that ultimately lead to poor academic performance. Juvenile delinquency comes about when such students involve themselves in criminal behavior such as being members of a street gang, gambling, stealing, or engaging in drug use to gain popularity while also earning money. Essentially, poor school attendance that culminates to academic failure leads to juvenile delinquency as the children try to run away from poverty through engagement in delinquent behavior.

Factors Leading to Delinquency analysis

            Beyond economic factors, poor school attendance may be driven by engagement in drug and alcohol abuse among students. In a research carried out by Suarez et al (2016), school dropouts showed high rates of alcohol and drug use. Drug and alcohol use among students leads to truancy which implies a higher engagement in drug and alcohol use over concentration in studies. The engagement in drug use leads to delinquency as the students may engage in crime to support their drug and alcohol use. Also, as highlighted by Suarez (2016), a high rate of dropout from school drives the juveniles to delinquency due to the need for economic sustenance and hence the engagement in crime. As such, poor school attendance driven by alcohol and drug use leads to juvenile delinquency.

            Unsatisfactory grades in school also contribute to juvenile delinquency and this is because they may lead to the student’s dropout, failure to transition to high school or college, or engagement in deviant behavior. Poor academic performance is brought about by various factors that may include truancy, drug and alcohol use, aggressive behavior, and disengagement from school. Other factors such as under-resourcing and overcrowding schools can contribute to poor performance (Lorenzo, 2016).  Cumbo (2015) notes that ‘ethnic minorities face high truancy levels and poor academic performance with one reason being the high rate of economic disadvantage for the ethnic minority students’ (p8). With different factors leading to poor academic performance, this contributes to a high level of juvenile delinquency since school dropouts and those that do not transition to higher education often engage in deviant behavior. Unsatisfactory grades have also been linked to aggressive behavior in school that directly contributes to juvenile delinquency.

Factors Leading to Delinquency analysis. Associating with bad company whilst in school also contributes to juvenile delinquency as young people are highly vulnerable to peer pressure. Juveniles are vulnerable in their teen years to conform to certain norms, behaviors, and values (Nisar et al., 2015). At this stage, bad company means that the student is subject to bad influences such as aggressive behavior, dropping out of school, engaging in drug and alcohol abuse, and engagement in minor crimes. Nisar et al (2015) extend the notion that the negative short outcomes of bad peer pressure include ‘truancy, peer and teacher rejection, involvement in drugs, low academic achievement that lead to school failure and dropout eventually leading to delinquency, violence, and adult criminality’ (p38). Importantly, bad company influences the individuals into making bad decisions that directly contribute to delinquent behavior especially following dropout..

            Juvenile delinquency is brought about by different factors, much of which are interrelated. Poor school attendance is one such factor where truant students are likely feel isolated, have low self-esteem, are unpopular, and have poor academic skills. Such outcomes influence the individual into delinquent behavior especially where poverty is a contributing factor to poor attendance. Poor academic grades brought about by individual or environmental factors also lead to delinquency since the student may dropout and engage in deviant behavior linked to delinquency. On the other hand, bad company from peer pressure leads the individual into embracing deviant behavior as he/she tries to fit in, where the eventual outcome is violence, delinquency, and adult criminality.

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