Exploring Physical Activity and Health

Part 1: Health screening and physical activity (1200 words/60 marks)
Pre-activity health screening is commonly undertaken in sport and fitness facilities. Scenario 1 (below) shows the results of a pre-activity health screening procedure for a male participant. Read Scenario 1 and then answer the questions underneath.
Scenario 1

Participant: Greg
Greg is 55 years old and runs his own company as well as managing a local women’s football team. During a routine health check, Greg was informed that he has high blood pressure and should take steps to address this. Since he stopped playing football himself Greg is currently very inactive and has therefore decided to join the gym at his local sports centre, to help to improve his health and with the intention of becoming fit enough to play in a local veterans’ football league.
Health screening questionnaire
Greg completed a PAR-Q (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire) and answered ‘no’ to all questions. In other words, Greg had no known medical conditions that could be aggravated by exercise at the time of completing the questionnaire.
Health screening – physiological measurements
After the PAR-Q was completed, Greg undertook a series of physiological measures. The results of these are:
Resting blood pressure = 150/92 mmHg
Resting heart rate = 85 bpm
Height = 190 cm
Weight = 105 kg
Body mass index = 29.1
Waist-to-hip ratio = 0.99
Body fat percentage = 26%
1.Explain the reasons why pre-activity health screening is necessary. (400 words/20 marks) 2.Discuss and analyse Greg’s results. Your analysis should identify whether or not the results fall into healthy ranges and discuss the implications of this, with a particular focus on the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. (400 words/20 marks) 3.Outline how physical activity could have a positive effect on Greg’s health. (400 words/20 marks)
Part 2: Health and safety legislation (800 words/40 marks)
Read Scenario 2 and then answer the questions underneath.
Scenario 2
Bradley is a member of the gym at his local sports centre. He regularly uses the gym and has completed a gym induction and health screening. One day he brings his 13-year-old daughter, Jessica, to the health club to use the gym. The health club has a policy that under-16s are not allowed to use the gym and that no one can use the gym without first having a gym induction and health screening. Bradley and Jessica are fully aware of this policy. Although she is 13, Jessica looks much older and could easily be mistaken for being aged over 16. Jessica avoids completing a gym induction by telling the reception staff that she will just be using the swimming pool.
While using a piece of gym equipment inappropriately, Jessica falls and breaks her wrist. The gym was supervised by one instructor at the time,
whose response to the accident was immediate and appropriate. 1.What legislation governs health and safety in a sports and fitness facility, and how might these relate to this incident? (250 words/13 marks) 2.Discuss whether or not Bradley and his 13-year-old daughter, Jessica, would have a case for a claim for negligence against the facility. Explain the reasons for your answer. (550 words/27 marks)

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