Example of Critical Review of Journal Article

Example of Critical Review of Journal Article

Example of Critical Review of Journal Article

Introduction
 What was the objective of the study?
Methods
 What methods were used to accomplish this purpose (e.g., systematic recording
of observations, analysis and evaluation of published research, assessment of
theory, etc.)?
 What techniques were used and how was each technique performed?
 What kind of data can be obtained using each technique?
 How are such data interpreted?
 What kind of information is produced by using the technique?
Results

 

 What objective evidence was obtained from the authors’ efforts (observations,
measurements, etc.)?

 

Example of Critical Review of Journal Article

  • What were the results of the study?
  • How was each technique used to obtain each result?
  • What statistical tests were used to evaluate the significance of the conclusions
    based on numeric or graphic data?
  • How did each result contribute to answering the question or testing the
    hypothesis raised in the introduction?
    Discussion

 

 

 

  • How were the results interpreted? How were they related to the original problem
    (authors’ view of evidence rather than objective findings)?
  • Were the authors able to answer the question (test the hypothesis) raised?
  • Did the research provide new factual information, a new understanding of a
    phenomenon in the field, or a new research technique?
  • How was the significance of the work described?
  •  Do the authors relate the findings of the study to literature in the field?
  • Did the reported observations or interpretations support or refute observations or
    interpretations made by other researchers?

Example of Critical Review of Journal Article

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2. Establish the research context
Once you are familiar with the article, you can establish the research context by asking
the following questions:
 Who conducted the research? What were/are their interests?
 When and where was the research conducted?
 Why did the authors do this research?
 Was this research pertinent only within the authors’ geographic locale, or did it
have broader (even global) relevance?

 

 

Were many other laboratories pursuing related research when the reported work
was done? If so, why?

Example of Critical Review of Journal Article

 For experimental research, what funding sources met the costs of the research?
 On what prior observations was the research based? What was and was not
known at the time?
3. Evaluate the research
Remember that simply disagreeing with the material is not considered to be a critical
assessment of the material. For example, stating that the sample size is insufficient is
not a critical assessment. Describing why the sample size is insufficient for the claims
being made in the study would be a critical assessment