Evolution of African American music 1920s to 1990s. The end of the Civil War freed the slaves, but the cotton glut after Reconstruction left most of the South desperately poor. A new form of music, born in depression and poverty, swept the country – The Blues. The very first reported Blues show was in 1916, on Ashley Street in Jacksonville. The performer was Ma Rainey (right). She and Bessie Smith were the forerunners of this new style. The Blues was next picked up by Minstrel Shows, and spread up and down the Mississippi River. St. Louis was known for their shows. Male Blues singers next made their mark with simple melodies and plaintive songs, like the great Muddy Waters (right)
Evolution of African American music 1920s to 1990s
At the turn of the century, a more upbeat sound was heard from, believe it or not, barbershops. James Weldon Johnson believed that the Barbershop Quartet had its beginnings in Jacksonville, and noted that almost every shop had its own chorus. Barbershop Quartets had exuberant tunes done in four-part harmony and a cappella. “Echo” songs were common. Barbershop Quartets were almost exclusively black. Why? Because at the turn of the century, virtually all barbers were black. It was an occupation that was open to African-Americans who didn’t want to work in the fields. So what happened? Minstrel Shows picked up the melodies, and Norman Rockwell (right) popularized the image of white barbershop quartets.
Create an 8 page -10 page slide Power Point presentation tracing the evolution of African American music from the 1920s to 1990s.
2. Presentation should include an introductory slide, at least six topic slides, and a slide at the end of the presentation listing sources consulted for the project.
3.Each topic slide should include an illustration and a minimum of three pieces of factual information about notable musicians and their unique contributions to popular music in the United States.
4.Make sure to specifically address Black influences on the emergence of the jazz, rock, and hip-hop, and how those influences advanced the popularity of African American music styles.
5.Draw on factual information found in your textbook and other printed material. Internet material may also be used, provide the websites consulted are trustworthy and academically credible.