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Essentials of Biostatistics in Public Health

Essentials of Biostatistics in Public Health. A study is planned to assess the effect of a new surgical intervention for gallbladder disease. One hundred patients with gallbladder disease will be randomly assigned to receive either the new surgical intervention or the standard surgical intervention. The efficacy of the new surgical intervention will be measured by the time a patient takes to return to normal activities, recorded in days. Identify the type of study proposed and indicate its specific strengths and weaknesses.

An investigator wants to assess the association between caffeine consumption and impaired glucose tolerance, a precursor to diabetes. A study is planned to include 70 participants. Each participant will be surveyed with regard to their daily caffeine consumption. In addition, each participant will submit a blood sample that will be used to measure glucose level. Identify the type of study proposed and indicate its specific strengths and weaknesses.

Essentials of Biostatistics

A study is planned to compare two weight-loss programs in patients who are obese. The first program is based on restricted caloric intake and the second is based on specific food combinations. The study will involve 20 participants and each participant will follow each program. The programs will be assigned in random order (i.e., some participants will first follow the restricted-calorie diet and then follow the food-combination diet, whereas others will first follow the food-combination diet and then follow the restricted-calorie diet). The number of pounds lost will be compared between diets. Identify the type of study proposed and indicate its specific strengths and weaknesses.

 An orthopedic surgeon observes that many of his patients coming in for total knee replacement surgery played organized sports before the age of 10. He plans to collect more extensive data on participation in organized sports from four patients undergoing knee replacement surgery and to report the findings. Identify the type of study proposed and indicate its specific strengths and weaknesses.

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