Epidemiology in Community Health Care

Epidemiology in Community Health Care

Epidemiology in Community Health Care
The community health nurse is reviewing several epidemiologic research studies
with student nurses that are beginning a 6-month community health rotation.
Epidemiology offers community health nurses a specific methodology for assessing
the health of aggregates. The nurse has requested that the student participate in a
semester long epidemiologic research study

 

Opportunities and challenges in nursing are boundless and rapidly changing. You
have spent a lot of time and effort learning how to care for individual patients in
medical-surgical and other acute care-oriented nursing specialities. Now you are
entering a unique and exciting area of nursing—community/public health.
As one of the oldest speciality nursing practices, public health nursing offers
unique challenges and opportunities. A nurse entering this field will encounter the
complex challenge of working with populations rather than just individual clients and
the opportunity to carry on the heritage of early public health nursing efforts with the
benefit of modern sensibilities. There is the challenge of expanding nursing’s focus
from the individual and family to encompass communities and the opportunity to
affect the health status of populations.

 

Why is it important that community health nurses review epidemiologic research?

Epidemiology in Community Health Care

2. What are the seven steps that student nurses must consider when
participating with the community health nurse in the epidemiologic research
study?
3. The goals of epidemiologic investigation are to identify the causal
mechanisms of health and illness states and to develop measures for
preventing illness and promoting health. Epidemiologists employ an
investigative process that involves a sequence of three approaches that build
on one another. What are the three investigate approaches?
4. The community health nurse has been requested to figure out the prevalence
rate and the incidence rate of influenza for a 1-month period of time. There
were 1,000 students who reported flu-like symptoms during 1 month in a
population of 5,000 students at the local community college, and during the
same month, 500 individuals developed influenza. What is the prevalence
rate and incidence rate?