Dissonance task was incorporated into this study

Dissonance task was incorporated into this study. What type of dissonance task was incorporated into this study? (by "this study", I am referring to the article by Harmon Jones that I wanted you to read for this week.) Explain how you know this. (reference your answer with evidence from the slides or the textbook).5 points
Case to discuss: Joe has a smoking "habit". Describe to him
how this habit likely developed (incorporate goals ad self regulation): 5 points and
why he continues to smoke although he doesn’t believe it is a good idea (address dissonance) 5 points
Prescribe an intervention that will specifically target and help to break his HABIT only (not the dissonance he may still be suppressing). Provide a justification for why your intervention is a sound one (data-driven..from your article or presentation) 10 points

Dissonance task

Cognitive dissonance theory is considered one of the most influential theories in psychology (Jones, 1985). The explanatory, predictive, and generative power of the theory resulted from its concern with the dynamic interplay of cognition, emotion, and motivation (for recent reviews, see Draycott & Dabbs, 1998a, 1998b; HarmonJones & Mills, 1999). Although the theory has revealed novel ways of inducing cognitive, behavioral, motivational, and emotional change in individuals, several basic questions regarding the mechanisms producing these outcomes have not been satisfactorily answered.

Why do individuals experience dissonance? And why are they motivated to reduce it? Much research has demonstrated that individuals do indeed experience dissonance and that they are motivated to reduce it. But the questions of why individuals experience dissonance and are motivated to reduce it are two of the most important questions for contemporary research on cognitive dissonance (see Harmon-Jones & Mills, 1999).

Two experiments were designed to test the prediction, derived from the action-based model of cognitive dissonance, that facilitation of an action-oriented mindset would increase cognitive discrepancy reduction.

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