Disparity on Gender and employment

Disparity on Gender and employment. The greater participation of women in the workplace has gender role implications. Earning an income gives more personal freedom in the family and provides identity and accomplishment that may improve self-esteem and efficacy for action in unhappy situations. Women’s employment cushions men from the full impact of being a breadwinner. Sweeney suggests that contrary to Becker’s earlier economic theory that posited a specialization of men in work and women in home roles as being conducive to marriage, today’s marriage choices may be enhanced by women’s work and prospects. This follows Oppenheimer’s argument that the choice to marry is affected by affordability of a standard of living. Consumption patterns may alter the context of marriage formation (Sweeney, 2000, p. 134).

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