Difference between fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and fetal alcohol syndrome

Difference between fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and fetal alcohol syndrome

Difference between fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and fetal alcohol syndrome. Robbie is an 11-year-old African American boy who presents for a sports physical to play basketball this school year. Upon physical assessment, you find that Robbie has an arm span as long as his height, pectus excavatum, mild thoracic scoliosis, flat feet, a high, arched palate, and arachnodactyly.
What is the likely diagnosis? Provide 2 rationales.
Identify one diagnostic tool to help with the diagnosis.
Identify two cardiovascular problems associated with this diagnosis and one rationale for each.
Provide a minimum of 2 references within the past 5 years.

Sam is a newborn in for his first wellness check with you. You suspect Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
Define fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
What is the difference between fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and fetal alcohol syndrome?
Identify 1 common clinical finding in this disorder.
Identify 3 neurodevelopmental clues in this disorder.
Provide 2 evidence-based references within the past 5 years.

 

 

What might a nurse practitioner suspect with a child with rib fractures?

Difference between fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and fetal alcohol syndrome.

Joy is a 2-year-old brought into your clinic for evaluation of apparent abdominal pain. She is brought in by her mother who states that Joy has had some difficulties with constipation within the last week. Joy is very fussy and cries when picked up. As you are unable to fully assess her without causing Joy pain, abdominal and chest X-rays are performed which reveal multiple rib fractures in different stages of healing.
What is your next diagnostic step? 2 points
What might a nurse practitioner suspect with a child with rib fractures? Provide 2 rationales.
List 2 complications of rib fractures. 2 points
A minimum of 2 evidence-based references within the last 5 years.

 

 

Explain why it is important to obtain the history from both parent and child, but that it is ideal to interview Mark separately.

Difference between fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and fetal alcohol syndrome.

Mark is a 12-year-old brought in by his mother for evaluation of a “black eye” that he sustained while “fighting on the playground at school.” Mark’s mother explains that he seems to come home from school with “a lot of bruises, but this is the first time it’s happened to his face.”
Explain why it is important to obtain the history from both parent and child, but that it is ideal to interview Mark separately.
You determine that Mark is a victim, not a perpetrator, of bullying. Identify two interventions as Mark’s primary care provider to stop his victimization. Provide one rationale for each intervention.
Provide a minimum of 2 evidence-based references within 5 years.