# Demographic Profile Project

Demographic Profile Project
Section 4: Fertility
The goal of this assignment is to describe and explain trends in fertility in your country. To do so, you
will need the following data and for the country you have chosen for 2 years:
 Midyear female population by 5-year age groups
 Number of births by age of mother in 5-year age groups
IMPORTANT!!! REVIEW THE PROJECT OVERVIEW DOCUMENT ON BLACKBOARD
REGARDING THE DATA COLLECTION AND GENERAL COMMENTS ON THE PAPER!!
Calculations:
For both years, use Excel to calculate the general fertility rate, age-specific fertility rates, and the total
fertility rate. For the age-specific fertility rates, you will need to use the appropriate female population
numbers to account for births by age of mother for the youngest and oldest age groups. For
example, if the youngest age group for the births by age of mother is 0-14 years, then the
corresponding female population will need to include those 0-14 years old. If the oldest age group for
the births by age of mother is 50+ years, then you will need to add the female population of those 50
years and older. Do not include the unknown births or female population in the table or calculations.
You will present a table that includes the mid-year population for females in 5-year age groups, the
number of births by age of mother in the 5-year age groups, and the age-specific fertility rates. The
table should also include a ‘Total’ row that has the total female population and total births, a row for
the general fertility rate, and a row for the total fertility rate. Make sure the table is properly labeled
and you cite the source of where the data was obtained (e.g. Source: Demographic Yearbook 1985
and 2012) below the table with the complete citations in the reference list.
Graph the age-specific fertility rates for both years using Excel. The graph should be properly labeled
(both vertical and horizontal axis, title, legend). Both the table and the graph should be included in
Part 2 of your paper (Fertility Structure).

## Discuss the major political, social, economic, and behavioral factors that explain the change in fertility rates

Demographic Profile Project
Discussion:
Write a brief discussion of the current fertility (most recent year) and fertility change in your country.
In your paper, think carefully about what you have learned about fertility and what you have learned
about your country from the background paper. You should demonstrate an understanding of these
fertility measures and what affects fertility.
In your paper, be sure to include the following information:
1. INTRODUCTION
2. FERTILITY STRUCTURE – Provide a summary of the relevant fertility statistics (age-specific
fertility rates, total fertility rates, and general fertility rate) for your country at two time periods.
Referring to all the fertility measures you calculated, describe the age structure of fertility in both
years and changes in the timing of fertility over time. How much has age-specific fertility rates
changed? At what ages have fertility rates changed the most? Do not simply repeat the numbers,
but interpret them.
3. FACTORS AFFECTING FERTILITY – Discuss the major political, social, economic and behavioral
factors that seem to be the most important in explaining the change in fertility rates and timing of
fertility over time. Discuss reasons why you think there may or may not have been a change in
fertility between the two years. Think about factors like the demographic transition, the individual
and social structure factors, including the proximate determinants related to fertility, e.g. wealth
and income, education, labor force participation, contraceptive use, proportions married, abortion,
etc.
To address this issue, your background paper may be helpful and you can use sources that you
have already used. However, you will need to consult an additional four outside scholarly
references (i.e. books or peer-reviewed journal articles). For this section, you will not be allowed
to use websites unless it an electronic book or a journal article from a digital archive (e.g. JSTOR),
nor will you be allowed to use encyclopedias.