Critiquing a Quantitative Research Report in Nursing research

Critiquing a Quantitative Research Report in Nursing research

 

Critiquing a Quantitative Research Report in Nursing research

Components Guidelines for critiquing a quantitative research report Points
Title Clarity and conciseness are the major considerations in evaluating
the title of a research article or report. The focus of the research
should be apparent in the study title, as should the population and the
major variable(s).
Abstract The abstract is the summary of the study and is typically 100 to 200
words. The researcher should present the hypothesis or hypotheses or
research question(s), methods, description of subjects, and the major
findings.
Introduction The introduction should catch the interest of the reader and set the
stage for the presentation of the research report. Background
information on the problem and the significance of this problem to
nursing needs to be addressed.
Purpose The purpose is the reason or reasons for undertaking the study. The
broad purpose of the study may be made more specific in the form of
objectives or goals. The purpose statement is usually found in the
abstract and again at the end of the introductory section.
Problem statement The problem of the study should be clearly identified. The problem
statement, purpose statement, or research question should contain the
population and the major variable(s) and be empirically testable. The
feasibility and significance of the study should be apparent.
Research Questions Research questions are stated in the study? Are they used in addition
to hypotheses or to guide an exploratory study? Are the independent
and dependent variables in the statement o f each research question?
Review of the
literature
The literature review should flow logically. Generally, classic
sources are presented and current sources are discussed. Primary
sources should be used when possible. Key sources should be
critically compared and appraised and paraphrasing is preferred to
numerous quotations.

 

 How do you critique a quantitative nursing study?

Critiquing a Quantitative Research Report in Nursing research
Theories and concepts may be found in a clearly identified section
for the framework or this information may be found in the
introductory section or the literature review section of the research
article or report. Support or lack of support for the framework, based
on the findings, should be discussed at the end of the report.
Hypotheses Hypotheses should be clearly and concisely stated in the present
tense and should be based on theory or research findings. The
hypothesis should contain the population and the variables and
reflect the problem statement. It should be empirically testable and
contain only one prediction.
Research design The research design should be clearly identified and adequately
described. In experimental studies, the research consumer is
concerned with the experimental treatment. Means to control threats
to internal and external validity should be included in the section on
research design. In non-experimental studies, the means of selecting

study participants should be discussed. Any extraneous variables that
have been controlled should be identified.
Setting The setting for the research project needs to be described. The
description of the setting is usually of a general nature because many
agencies do not want to be identified in research reports.
Population and
sample
The broad group of interest (target population) as well as the
available group (accessible population) from which the sample was
selected should be included in the population and sample section. It
should also include the identification and description of the sampling
method. Acknowledgment must be made of any dropout subjects,
potential sampling biases, and methods taken to protect subjects’
rights.
Data-collection
methods
Five general questions asked in evaluating the data-collection section
are “who? when? where? what? and how?” Who will collect the
data? When will the data be collected? Where will the data be
collected? What data will be collected? How will the data be
collected? Use the acronym WWWWH.
Data-collection
instruments
All of the data-collection instruments used in a study should be
clearly identified and described. Scoring procedures and the range of
possible scores on the instrument should also be included, when
appropriate. The characteristics of each instrument should be
discussed and, most important, its reliability and validity. Pilot study
results should be included for any newly developed or revised
instrument.
Ethical
considerations
Were the participants fully informed about the nature of the research?
Was the autonomy/ confidentiality of the participants guaranteed?
Were the participants protected from harm? Was ethical permission
granted for the study?
Data analysis Descriptive statistics on the characteristics of the study sample
should be presented first. The subjects’ scores on the various
instruments need to be reported. Also, inferential statistics should be
presented if the study tested a hypothesis. The author should state
whether the study hypothesis was supported or not supported. The
results of the statistical test, the degrees of freedom, and the
probability value should be given.

 

 

 What is the purpose of the critique of a quantitative research report?

Critiquing a Quantitative Research Report in Nursing research

Critiquing a Quantitative Research Report in Nursing research
Discussion of
findings
In the discussion of findings section, the author interprets the study
results and the material may be more subjective than the information
in the findings section. The author should compare the present study
findings with those of other studies discussed in the literature review.
No new literature sources should be introduced. Both statistical and
clinical significance should be discussed.
Study conclusions The study conclusions are the author’s attempt to make
generalizations based on the study findings. It is where the author
demonstrates the meaning and worth of the research. The findings
are bound to the data, whereas the conclusions are based on the data.
Implications The implications section of a research report contains the “should”
that result from the research findings. They need to be explicitly
identified by the researcher for nursing practice, nursing education,
or nursing research.
Recommendations Recommendations generally concern future research that is needed.
Suggestions may be made for the study to be replicated, use of a
larger sample size, or further development of an instrument. They
should take into consideration the limitations of the present study and
also consider the findings of previous studies.