Criminal Justice: Juvenile and Delinquency

Criminal Justice: Juvenile and Delinquency

Alboukordi, Sajad, Ali Mohammad Nazari, Robabeh Nouri and Javad Khodadadi Sangdeh. “Predictive Factors for Juvenile Delinquency: The Role of Family Structure, Parental Monitoring and Delinquent Peers” International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory, 5.1 (2012): 770-777.

The resource acknowledges the importance of the research by highlighting the main effects of juvenile delinquency both to the victim and the perpetrator. The article explains juvenile delinquency causes major distress in the society especially because of the resulting violence as well as the frequent arrests that are fast becoming a commonplace mostly in the developed countries including the US. The behavior is attributable to failing parenting. The author goes on to explain parental monitoring is virtually nonexistent as the parents do not have time to spend with their children leaving them at the mercy of the society. Delinquent behavior can only be prevented with monitoring from the very early age as the parent can control the type of peers that their kids associate with. Moreover, the structure of the family is also a contributing factor where the two-parent families have kids with a lower tendency to become predisposed to violent behavior. This source makes heavy references to other pieces of research making it credible. I will use it in research to give an account of the ways in which the parents are failing their children; specifically by not being available to advise them.

Cuevas, Carlos A. “Juvenile Delinquency and Victimization” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22.12 (2007): 1582-1602.

The author argues that there is a link between juvenile delinquency and victimization adding that the link is so strong that one side leads to the other. Here, victimization leads to delinquency and vice versa. When the youths engage in risky behaviors, they are highly likely to be victimized as their behaviors invite retaliation. Victimization, which comes from family or peers, is responsible for prompting certain responses such as anger and anxiety. The victim then becomes prone to delinquency as victimization is part and parcel of their life. Here, victimization makes it easy for them to in turn victimize others. The frequent form of crime is usually a reflection of how the individual may have been victimized. Here, those that have been violently abused tend to abuse their victims in the same way. The resource is credible because it takes an in-depth look at the social factors leading to juvenile delinquency by referring to many other sources of information. I will use it in research to explain these social factors rigorously.

La De Vries, Sanne, Machteld Hoeve, Jessica J Asscher and Geert Jan JM Stams. “The effects of the prevention program ‘New Perspectives’ (NP) on juvenile delinquency and other life domains: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial” BMC Psychology, 2.10(2014): 1-10.

The article first expounds the importance of the topic as it related to various negative outcomes in the society including mental, financial, and occupation-related issues. Juveniles are responsible for a significant number of vandalism and similar offenses and account for up to 16% of all offenses in the US. Delinquent behavior starts with minor offenses then develops into a bigger problem because of various risk factors. Various intervention strategies can be employed to address the issue before it escalates into a full-blown delinquency. The New Perspectives program can be effective at this. It has been shown to have a positive impact in reducing juvenile delinquency and improving other life domains like relationships with peers and school achievements. It is a process that uses mediators and moderators in reducing problem behavior. The source is credible because it is peer-reviewed and refers to other sources extensively. I will use it in research to show one of the programs that have shown extensive effectiveness in addressing the juvenile delinquency problem and that can be applied in any behavior problem.