Justine Capps July 23, 2012 SPCH 1315 – Patton How to Perform CPR General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose:At the end of this speech, the audience will know how perform CPR. Central Idea:To perform CPR, you will check the scene for danger, send for help, and then begin chest compressions. I. INTRODUCTION: A. Attention Material 1. Has anyone ever wondered what they would do if somebody they knew had stopped breathing or heart had stopped? If so, you can restore circulation and oxygen to that person’s’ body by performing CPR. . Performing CPR can save a person’s life. A person can live 4 to 6 minutes once they have stopped breathing and/or their heart has stopped breathing. Performing CPR canresuscitate that person. B. Orientating Material 1. CPR can restore resposiveness in a person who haslost resposiveness. C. Preview: Using 6 steps, almost anybody can perform CPR during an emergency. (Transition: Let’s start with the first step of CPR. ) II. Body A. The first step of CPR is to make sure the scene is safe. 1.
If it is not safe, for example, if there is a fire, extinguish the firethen begin CPR. 2. If you can not secure the victim, then move the victim. (Transition: Once you and the victim are secure, you are ready to begin the second step of CPR. ) B. The second step of CPR is to assess the victim’s conciousness. 1. Tap his/her shoulder and ask, “Are you OK? ” if the victim responds, CPR is not required. (Transition: If the victim does not respond continue with the third step of CPR. ) C. Send for somebody to call 911.
If nobody else is available call 911. 1. Give your location and inform the dispatcher that you are going to perform CPR. (Transition: After sending for help, you will begin the fourth step of CPR. ) D. Next, you will check for breathing. 1. Put your ear close to the victim’s mouth, and listen for breathing, if the victim is breathing do not continue with CPR. (Transition: If the victim is not breathing, continue with the next step. ) E. The fifth step of CPR is to perform 30 chest compressions. 1.
Place the victim on his/her back. Make sure they are lying flat toprevent injury. 2. Place the heel of one had on the victim’s breastbone, between the nipples. 3. Place your other hand on top of the first, palm down. 4. Postition yourself directly over your hands, so your arms are straight. 5. Press down by about 2 inches in a fast rhythm. (Transition: After performing 30 chest compressions, you will begin the last step. ) F. Immediately after performing 30 chest compressions you will give two rescue breaths. 1.
Tilt the victim’s head back to open the airway. 2. Keep the airway open, pinch the victim’s nose closed. 3. Make a seal with your mouth over the victim’s mouth and breathe out slowly for about one second. III. CONCLUSION A. Summary: You have now learned how to perform CPR. Whenever somebody has lost consciousness, you can now possibly save their life. B. Wrap up: Always continue CPR until emergency personnel arrive with an AED. C. You can obtain a Heartsaver CPR Certification through the American Heart Association.