Comprehensive literature review organization. As mentioned in the introduction, this unit focuses on the leader-manager’s role as a systems thinker. In this role, the leader-manager adopts a broad and complex perspective to make decisions and policy choices that take into account the many facets and dimensions that make up an educational organization.
Therefore, the vast collection of literature regarding systems thinking is drawn primarily from the natural sciences, and typically describes an organization as an integrated set of processes that have been systematically structured to carry out objectives defined by a mission and vision. As you will discover in your work in the program, the systems view is fundamental in guiding your development though your doctorate and beyond.
Search of Knowledge Systems
To introduce you to the extensive literature, you are invited to begin your exploration with a familiar system of collecting and organizing knowledge, the encyclopedia. One of the most well-known and respected is, of course, the Encyclopedia Britannica, a huge multi-volume work that was until recently the staple source for elementary school reports and high-school term papers. With the dawn of the Internet, however, other forms of encyclopedic knowledge systems such as Wikipedia have largely replaced the earlier forms.
Thus, the advantage of electronic knowledge systems, of course, is the speed and convenience with which they can be accessed, and the continual updating of their information. Their disadvantages, particularly for scientific and scholarly purposes, rest in the relative obscurity of their methods of quality control, methods. which for centuries have rested on a concept known as peer review.
Critical Analysis of Literature
As shown in our exploration of the Capella Library, academic writing is intended to show that judgments and conclusions are based on a critical analysis of the literature. Although the term literature includes a variety of sources such as news media and the trade and professional press. it is primarily the sources that have undergone the process known as peer review that are acceptable for citation in academic papers. What then, is the place for an encyclopedia, and particularly for electronic systems with encyclopedic capabilities such as Wikipedia?
Sources/ Getting Credible Information
Simply put, encyclopedias and search systems, whether physical or electronic, can and should be used to explore basic definitions and lists of resources in any field. For this they are eminently suited. But—and this should be understood plainly and emphatically. they are never to be quoted, paraphrased, or cited in any Capella paper. This includes the doctoral capstone (of course), any formal papers submitted for course assignments, and any initial discussion posts.