Background of the Study Analysis

Psychological literature is rich in studies and researches on various eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder (Talleyrand, 2006). These psychological conditions cause grave concern among medical and psychological practitioners, and even laypersons, due to the mental and physical repercussions known to be associated with these eating disorders (Talleyrand, 2006). Some eating disorders received sufficient attention early, and thus there is already a substantial body of literature dedicated to them.

However, there are other eating disorders, such as binge eating disorder, which had only recently been noticed by scholars. This disorder has only been recently defined in the 4th edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Thus, experts and other stakeholders are still in the process of conducting studies and building the literature on this disorder (Barry, Grilo & Masheb, 2002). A huge bulk of the literature on eating disorders is dedicated to their adverse effects. These adverse effects include “depression, low self-esteem, suicide, obesity, infertility, and malnutrition (Talleyrand, 2006).

” Given this enumeration, it is undeniable that persons suffering from these eating disorders, including the persons around them, are dealing with different kinds of pressure, stress and anxiety, all brought about by the nature of these disorders’ conditions and situations. Due to numerous studies and research, authors were able to observe the common victims of eating disorders. One classification of victims is based on gender. Thus, it is observed that bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa commonly affect women, while binge eating disorder often affects men (Barry, Grilo & Masheb, 2002). Notes on References: 1.
Burns, M. (2004). Eating Like an Ox: Femininity and Dualistic Constructions of Bulimia and Anorexia. Feminism Psychology 14(2), 269-295. This article was written by Maree Burns (2004), and it discussed the psychological and societal impact and underpinnings of eating disorders such as anorexia on women who have it (Burns, 2004). Burns examined the feelings and sentiments evoked by certain eating disorders. For instance, she wrote that anorexia brings about feelings of pride and achievement on women who have it, because it gives them the feeling that they have total control over their mind and body (Burns, 2004).
Thus, women who have anorexia feel that they are different from other people, and that they are fulfilling their desire of being perfect (Burns, 2004). 2. Barry, D. T. , Grilo, C. M. & Masheb, R. M. (2002). Gender Differences in Patients with Binge Eating Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. This article sought to study the gender differences among patients with binge eating disorder. It is relevant to the proposed paper because it shows the possible connection between a person’s gender and his probability of developing an eating disorder.
Notable findings of this study are the higher incidence of drug abuse problems among males and the lack of difference between men and women in terms of depression. 3. Cash, T. F. & Deagle III, E. A. (1997). The Nature and Extent of Body-Image Disturbances in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa: A Meta-Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. This article might prove useful for the paper because it takes a closer look on the diagnostic criteria for two eating disorders, specifically, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.
More specifically, the authors of this article seek to examine and define the extent of body-image disturbance among victims of the aforementioned eating disorders. 4. Schmidt, U. , Humfress, H. & Treasure, J. (1997). The Role of General Family Environment and Sexual and Physical Abuse in the Origins of Eating Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and Eating Disorders Association. European Eating Disorders Review 5(3), 184-207. This article is relevant to the paper because it looks into the origins of eating disorders, particularly the role played by sexual and physical abuse and family functioning in the development of such disorders.
This article reports that there is a high incidence rate of sexual abuse among victims of bulimia nervosa. 5. Haworth-Hoeppner, S. (2000). The Critical Shapes of Body Image: The Role of Culture and Family in the Production of Eating Disorders. Journal of Marriage and the Family 62(1), 212-227. This article discusses the role of culture and family in the development of eating disorders. However, in addition to previous works on similar topics, this article studies these two factors conjointly. Among the relevant findings of this study is the prevalence rate of eating disorders among various cultures.
6. Picot, A. K. & Lilenfeld, L. R. R. (2003). The Relationship Among Binge Severity, Personality Psychopathology, and Body Mass Index. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This article is relevant to the paper because it seeks to make the connection among factors such as binge severity, symptoms of personality disorder, and body mass index. It is found that there is a close and positive connection among these factors. Furthermore, this article provides a lot of suggestions for future research on the topic. References Barry, D. T. , Grilo, C. M. & Masheb, R. M. (2002). Gender Differences in Patients with
Binge Eating Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Burns, M. (2004). Eating Like an Ox: Femininity and Dualistic Constructions of Bulimia and Anorexia. Feminism Psychology 14(2), 269-295. Cash, T. F. & Deagle III, E. A. (1997). The Nature and Extent of Body-Image Disturbances in Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa: A Meta-Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Haworth-Hoeppner, S. (2000). The Critical Shapes of Body Image: The Role of Culture and Family in the Production of Eating Disorders. Journal of Marriage and the Family 62(1), 212-227. Picot, A. K. & Lilenfeld, L. R. R. (2003).
The Relationship Among Binge Severity, Personality Psychopathology, and Body Mass Index. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Schmidt, U. , Humfress, H. & Treasure, J. (1997). The Role of General Family Environment and Sexual and Physical Abuse in the Origins of Eating Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and Eating Disorders Association. European Eating Disorders Review 5(3), 184-207. Talleyrand, R. M. (2006). Potential Stressors Contributing to Eating Disorder Symptoms in African American Women: Implications for Mental Health Counselors. ” Journal of Mental Health Counseling 28(4), 338-352.

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