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An example of a Book Report

An example of a Book Report


An example of a Book Report. A book report of Women and the American Economy: A look into the 1980s by Juanita Morris Kreps. Authored by Juanita Morris Kreps and published in 1976 by Prentice-Hall and Englewood Cliffs, Women and the American Economy: A look into the 1980s probably remains one of the most powerful economic texts in American feministic history. In the book, the main ideologies presented relate to the employment and unemployment of women, the concept and enhancement of equal job opportunities across different gender, the link between family and other societal units, and the economic impacts of this interrelation, as well as reviews of occurrences and transitions in economic change. Other major themes considered include economic and monetary legislative procedures implemented by the government, Human capital, its existence and legislation processes, the forces for labor as well as the available market for labor, issues attached to sexual discrimination, other socioeconomic factors, and feminism. From a broad perspective, the numerous publications falling within this edition truly offer a description of Women and the American Economy.

Being a conglomeration of many papers, the dialogue of these publications is pegged on the rates at which women have developed and can expand their performance and economic roles. In this sense, they highlight changes in women’s socioeconomic lives and the resultant effects of changes brought about by the same. Again, they assess the impact of such activities and their transformation into the future; thus, ‘A look to the 1980s. Not only does this collection cast an eye into the future, but it also quantifies this by a preview of the past. In this preview, the social values, work structures of women, their economic contribution, and their overall economic effects are also analyzed and explored in detail.

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Considering family setups and the relevance of awarding families time for care and development, ‘Women and the American Economy’ considers family roles as homework every woman must carry out. It is, therefore, inevitable that women invest their time in such activities and activities related to this must be prioritized. An explorative review of the labor market reveals market segregation and division of market labor lines. An example of a large private firm’s case study indicates that there are men’s jobs while others are considered women’s jobs. In this realistic view, there are also disparities in the payment systems offered for each individual and across these professions.

Book report. Reviewing the implication of women’s employment activities, there is an overall effect on their family lives and employment economics. Employed women are seen to experience better living conditions in their families. They support family finances and take part in family investment decision-making processes. In essence, there is a realization that the more independent women are financial, the better their contribution to the American economy. The continuous and progressive establishment of equal opportunity laws takes place in the search for this economic power and financial independence. These agitate for equity, not only on financial and employment fronts but also in political and administrative positions of women. When women achieve this political and administration position distribution, they will have better chances of participating more in economics and achieving increased equitability. Finally, the book talks about predictions from the 1970s into the 1980s, that are indicative of the expected positions of women in society. In a nutshell, the whole book sums up the position at the time on of Women and the American Economy: A look into the 1980s.

The composition book is eight articles written by different authors. An analysis of these indicates that there is quite an amount of scholarly work presented in them. These works question and critique certain issues in the economic state of women. To such questions, the articles still provide considerably a number of answers. Yet even in this case, the articles remain analytical and specific on issues. It would be worth noticing that Kreps’s book is outstandingly non-sexist because it has six male and six female authors expounding different ideologies about feminism and the economy. These authors also draw various economic projections based on the situations in the 1970s.


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An example of a Book Report.  In a review of the economic situation, projections made into the 1980s raised eyebrows and caused several worries. In the current state, there are skewed disparities in employment rates between men and women. In this prism, women are less privileged as they are viewed as earning money for secondary gains only. One of the authors, Nancy Barret, indicates that society attaches a compulsive rationale to women’s employment situation and refers to their earnings as “pin money.” The prediction of more unemployment in the future worsens the case, as this would mean less and less employment for women. In the family setups, men are considered breadwinners. This perception then works in favor of men and against women regarding employment and business opportunities. The perception that men are breadwinners and need employment more can be further confirmed by the contribution of Martha Griffiths, which indicates more than two-thirds of the total sum of women employed emanate from widowed, single, separated, or unmarried personalities. Thus, they are not within family set-ups. In cases where they are from married set-ups, most come from families where the husbands earn $7000 annually or less. In this sense, they have to work because their income is relevant as supplementary to the husband’s salary.

This argument is further substantiated by Griffith’s perspective, which indicates that the value attached to the dollar owned by a woman is much less than that owned by a man in the marketplace. To this extent, analyses of various issues further bring out this inequality in a clearer way. Reviewing the provision of mortgages to men and women, comparing policies of life insurance to men and women, considering the policies on social security as well, and analyzing the processes available for securing loans and all the conditions involved openly reveal that the American woman is not favored by her economy.

Unemployment is a sensitive issue that commonly attracts the attention of society. In many states, it remains among the most common campaign tools used in asking the electorate for their votes by the politicians. Yet Griffiths notes that the American politician of this period is much less concerned with unemployment. The reason for this little concern is probably the fact that women form the backlog of unemployed personalities. As such, it is not considered a serious issue that needs to capture much attention from politicians. On the contrary, society remains obsessed with labeling a woman as a secondary worker and asserting that position for her more.

Another sensitive subject treated in Women and the American Economy: A look into the 1980s is the continuously changing role of women in society, which ultimately influences men and the members of society. Chafe makes this contribution, and he gives it a meticulous approach using specific time frames and proven documentation of facts. He singles out specific changes in the economic and social roles that women play in society.

His first timeframe is the period preceding the 1900s. Over this period, Chafe notes that women’s labor was limited to farm and agricultural situations. In an aspect, this was visibly a restriction as the only cases in which American women worked outside their homes were when they were non-native immigrant Americans or racially non-whites. This presents a racial structure and a traditionally set double standard of application. Notably, this standard and state were accepted by society and entrenched into existing societal activities. When industrialization came, women’s participation in economic activities had to drop as men got jobs in the industries. Funnily, women were still not considered fit for industrial labor. On the other hand, women’s contribution to labor and economics had to drop because men would earn from industrialization as family breadwinners. In contrast, women’s agricultural activities would become more passive in the absence of men.

In further consideration, the work done by men was considered labor and had attachments of rewards. On the other hand, that of women had no economic connotation of any type. Considering that there was already a noticeable drop in economic values within family set-ups, women remained worse placed over time. According to Chafe’s argument, women have considered home properties that belonged to the home. This stereotype made it difficult for women to achieve economic or developmental milestones in America. When Chafe was writing, he argued that this idea had carried itself further into the working place and had several connotations that wholesomely indicated it.

Another timeframe considered in this authorship is the duration between the 1940s and the 1960s. This period marks the possible beginning of sensible progress in the participation of women in economic and other societal matters. Although women had previously endured an undermined position in society, the arrival of the Second World War brought different changes that had to be implemented. The first fact is that women came in handy in service at war, providing the men with food, providing espionage services because of being less suspicious and subjective, and working as service persons. Again, the departure of many men to the war created a gap that must be filled in the working environment. This gap was filled by women who gained employment positions in governmental and private organizations. It is worth noting that this position of women was societally accepted as it was considered a show of patriotism. On the other hand, women enjoyed these positions and went out of their way to prove that they were up to the task of working in employment opportunities. As Chafe puts it, this era marked the institutionalization of women’s labor and their right to work away from their homes.

The last era runs from the 1960s to the beginning of the 1980s. This span of 20 years is yet another sensitive descriptive of the transformations of women’s economic involvement in American society. Although notable developments were seen in the preceding era, these were sometimes still considered favors given to women. Society had not yet appreciated women fully and still held a hardline position on women’s workability. At the same time, American women remained considerably dependent on their husbands and societal control of numerous social factors. So in the 1960s, events were to occur that would change this position for good. These events included a more acceptable societal position and improved recognition in economic matters.

Just to note several changes, it is during this period that the use of control pills occurred. Again, the equal pay act, to ensure that men and women would be paid equally, was passed in 1963. This stopped the discrimination that was attached to women in their society. Other acts passed over this period included the civil rights and the equal rights amendment. Again, many commissions that looked into the welfare of women and various women’s organizations were allowed and formed by American women. Again, during this period, many prolific female writers began to express themselves more vividly and without withdrawn tendencies. To an extent, their assertiveness and desire to be recognized by society had matured.

As argued by Chafe, this duration provided what would later be referred to as the liberation gap for women. In Chafe’s comparative review, this period was more successful than all preceding periods. Again, the issues addressed successfully were multiple and quite sensitive. Changes at home, in the market place and at work accorded the American woman a more comfortable point in her society. At this point, all the past events are used to cast a view into the 1980s, which awaited American women. Even with noticeable difficulty, the economic activity of American women kept progressing and improved each day, with the American women overcoming previous barriers and becoming better contributors to the American economy.

Although the predictions made by the book are not quite encouraging to women, an assessment of the progress achieved is substantially gratifying. The contributions in this book are quite outstanding and indicate logically researched and argued positions with proof. This makes the book one of the most relevant texts about feminism and women’s rights development, as well as laws and the history of women. To sum up, the book that drew its title from an American Assembly forum at Columbia University held in 1975, lived to tell the truth of the title. Even in the forum, there was an appreciation that tremendous advancements had been made, yet the recognition that women and men were still far unequal. The skillful compilation addresses economic issues and the changing role of women in employment, job markets, the family, and economic progress. It is a must-read for economic and feminist scholars and students.

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