2 A) What is your favorite RE, and why?
The sun is the most potent energy source; consequentlyy, solar energy qualifies to be the most favorite renewable energy. Energy from the sun is used in many forms, including lighting buildings and homes, heating water, generating electricity, and other industrial processes. The sun is also the direct or indirect source of several other renewable energy forms, such as wind power, which arises from blowing wind caused by sun heat. Solar energy also promotes vegetation growth which in turn produces biomass energy and also promotes precipitation and evaporation cycles, therefore, resulting in hydropower.
The most common uses attributed to solar power include cooking, seawater desalination, electricity production, and heating. The working of solar power is relatively easy, in case rays from the sun are trapped into solar cells, which convert the sunlight to electricity. However, there are alternative approaches to this. Sunlight may be made to strike parabolic mirrors and thereby heat water or passively heat a room by simply opening its windows to allow entry of sunlight. Therefore, using solar power is relatively easy compared to other forms of renewable energy (Williams, 2009, pp. 123-145).
Solar power depends on the existence of the sun, which is definite, and therefore, it is a guaranteed energy source. The use of solar power is not associated in any way with air and water pollution since no chemical reaction is required to generate it. The use of solar power is highly efficient and serves practical purposes, including lighting as well as heating. Benefits allied to solar power are evident in spas, water tanks, and heat pools.
2 b) If A friend (business, child, or spouse) asks you about RE (Renewable Energy), what would you say?
In most countries, natural gas, coal, and oil are essential energy sources for domestic and industrial applications. However, relying on these sources is a cause of a significant problem because these are finite resources, and their continued use would lead to a global depletion and the retrieval of the remaining becoming extremely expensive. Furthermore, they contribute significantly to water, soil, and air pollution in addition to the production of greenhouse gases, which is a significant contributor to global warming.
Therefore, it is essential to account for renewable resources as alternatives to these sources are nonrenewable. Dependence on renewable energy will drastically reduce the problems of greenhouse gases emission, and their sustainability is guaranteed. Other vital reasons justify implementing renewable energy sources as manifested by the Kyoto protocol. The current culture is inclined towards a drastic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, achievable through heavy reliance on renewable energy. Renewable energy use contributes significantly towards eliminating toxins, which are the by-products associated with energy use. They offer protection against detrimental by-products and facilitate the preservation of natural resources that may be used as energy sources in the absence of renewable sources (Williams, 2009, pp. 123-145).
The use of renewable sources of energy is, therefore, beneficial to the environment as it offers a clean alternative and reduced impact on the environment compared to the conventional technologies of energy production. It also offers a channel for job creation and economic growth since investments in this respect cover the cost of artistry and materials for facility building and maintenance in contrast to energy importation, a feature of conventional energy production technologies.
2 c) An Aunt has given you $20,000 to save the world. What are you going to do?
A choice of any funded project in renewable energy will need the skills behind the crucial role of addressing sustainability concerns associated with using renewable energy, which is a significant concern in society today. Fossil fuels, which dominate the energy sector, are undergoing depletion coupled with high emissions.
With a funding of $20,000 to save the world, it would be advisable to focus on a research and development program on renewable energy alongside allied technological innovations. The information gathered from the research would contribute significantly towards bridging the gap between technology and its application. The stakeholders in the program should facilitate sharing of information and promote renewable energy applications most effectively. The players in the program should also create awareness of efficiency measures in energy use.
The funds should also be used to sensitize participants in diverse regions about the positive role that renewable energy plays in future development and sustainability. The knowledge must be disseminated regarding the existing renewable energy options, including solar, biomass, and wind, and their development. Equally important information the program should cover is the potential challenges affecting the implementation of renewable energy, its efficiency, and the policies behind its implementation. The program should be tailored for an understanding of theoretical understanding and the practical applications of renewable energy with particular concern the rural areas. Participants, therefore, can be involved in field trips to significant installations of renewable energy and attend seminars on the same.
Williams, Richard. Solar Energy: Technology and Applications. Ann Arbor, MI: Ann Arbor Science Publishers, 2009.