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Advantages and disadvantages of freedom

Advantages and disadvantages of freedom

Advantages and disadvantages of freedom. Freedom is the liberty to think, converse or act without restriction. According to Isaiah Berlin’s article ‘, Two Concepts of Liberty, freedom’ can be viewed and comprehended from two political perspectives. First is a ‘negative’ sense that deliberates over the extent and limits of freedom (Berlin, 1958). The negative sense aims to show the impossibility of absolute freedom due to the possibility of liberty abuse. From this abuse arise the disadvantages of freedom. This perspective argues the extent to which persons or groups should be left to act, talk, or think without external interference (Berlin, 1958).

Second is the ‘positive’ perspective from which the importance and advantages of freedom emerge. Here, freedom eliminates barriers and enhances personal decision-making, choice, and creativity (Berlin, 1958). Creativity is not restricted to promoting new innovations when people are free to think. For example, government manipulation of the market system in China was abolished in 1980, raising the standards of the citizens (Staff, 2004). However, freedom in the United States has thrived for ages heightening its prosperity dramatically (Staff, 2004). In other words, freedom has placed the United States’ industrial evolution ahead of China’s.

Freedom is essential because it gives individuals a sense of independence (Berlin, 1958). In addition, freedom creates the ‘real’ and ‘dominant’ self .freedom offers human beings the ability to choose and make decisions they can claim are theirs alone. Freedom makes an individual the subject, not the object, making them the boss of their world. In other words, freedom defines an individual. Individual freedom of choice carves one’s identity and sense of being, creating the ‘dominant’ self (Berlin, 1958). Groupings are a part of the US social structure. Freedom is essential to the collective state of being because if a group is granted freedom, its members enjoy it collectively; however, if freedom is denied, the group of individuals will not have freedom equally. This collective freedom creates the ‘real’ or ‘whole’ freedom (Berlin, 1958). The ‘real’ self is identified in societal groupings, like race.

The freedom achieved from collective liberty is termed ‘higher freedom‘ because it is controlled by the goals and objectives of a particular group (Berlin, 1958). For example, nations must restrict freedoms to reach their objectives using documents like constitutions. Freedoms in the United State Bill of Rights include freedom of press, speech, religion, peaceable congress, and beseeching the government. Isaiah argues that this level of freedom claims to be more aware of what a person needs better than the person does (Berlin, 1958). This view disregards the wishes of individuals and society and may be used to bully, subjugate, violate and torture. This type of freedom denies men the individuals to make their own choices as a sacrifice for the prosperity of the particular group to which they belong (Berlin, 1958).

The writer’s positive concept of freedom depicts man as torn into two characters; the dominant manipulator and the ones whose desires and wishes are controlled by the objectives of a group (Berlin, 1958). For example, the United Nations embraces the republican and democratic parties. On the contrary, the Chinese governing system consists of one political party which embraces socialism and capitalism, painting China as a communist or dictatorship nation (Staff, 2004).

In conclusion, freedom is the meaning of life. It gives people choices and niches for personal growth, creativity, and self-expression. In addition, it allows people to express their thoughts, actions, and speech without external limitations. Moreover, collective freedom is abused, and individual freedom must be curtailed to protect the sovereignty of others. In comparing the freedom of China and the United States, using their development history and government structures, the USA depicts more freedom and, consequently, industrial development (Staff, 2004).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Staff, C (2004) Congressional Record, V. 146, Pt. 7, May 24, 2000, to June 12, 2000.Washington: Government Printing Office

Berlin, I (1958) ‘Two Concepts of Liberty. Retrieved on January 2nd, 2013 from http://www.cas.umt.edu/phil/faculty/walton/Berlin2Concepts.pdf

 

 

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