PSYC U5 IP

  
400 Words
Review and reflect on the knowledge you have gained from this course. Based on your review and reflection, write at least 400 words on the following:

What were the      most compelling topics learned in this course?
How did      participating in discussions help your understanding of the subject      matter? Is anything still unclear that could be clarified?
What approaches      could have yielded additional valuable information?
The main post      should include at least 1 reference to research sources, and all sources      should be cited using APA format. 

Part 5: Tracking Success  (500 Words) See attachment from Week 4
This portion of the plan should detail how you will monitor your progress over time. 

Include 3      benchmarks for monitoring your progress on the goals set forth in your Key      Assignment draft from Week 4. 
Include a      concluding statement of your commitment to accomplishing your leadership      goals and lifelong learning. 
This section      should be 500 words. 

Company Culture and Environment

 When employees arrive to work at their Bristol, Connecticut Headquarters, they are greeted only by a small, unassuming sign that says, “Welcome to ESPN. ” In a calculated and understated way, this sign is representative of the culture that pervades throughout the organization. Simply stated, ESPN, the company is about the fans and the sports, not ESPN. This statement offers a preview of sorts to a culture at ESPN that truly goes the extra mile in emphasizing customer satisfaction by offering its programming thru state-of the art program offerings thru multiple channels.
A brand promise sums up the essence and meaning of a brand and how the brand connects to its consumers. ESPN’s promise of delivering “Sports, with Authority and Personality,” clearly outlines what they do, how they do it and what differentiates them from their competition. With respect to Sports, ESPN connects to its fans through many platforms, including multiple television and radio programs, internet applications including television online, restaurants, and numerous mobile applications.
In doing so ESPN strives to consistently deliver unmatched quality that is strengthened by leadership and innovation. As an Authority in sports programming, ESPN emphasizes integrity, authenticity and expertise that is unparalleled in the industry. Regarding Personality, ESPN emphasizes throughout its organization, the effective use of humor, passion and community by expressing their affinity for its fans regardless of origin.

While the brand promise of ESPN is certainly evident throughout all of its programming through all of its delivery channels, it is its hiring practices that appear to give the most obvious credence to the company living up to this promise. From its inception ESPN maintained a policy of hiring employees that were/are first and foremost sports fanatics. ESPN saw sees this as a critical factor in having its employees display the level of enthusiasm and knowledge that it wanted to promote and display its brand promise.
They also see this as an equalizer of sorts whereby everyone who views ESPN, regardless of race, color education could relate with one another. Anthony Smith, a management consultant who has worked with ESPN for over 20 years and author of ESPN; The Company, sums up the environment and culture at ESPN best when he wrote; “I can think of few other companies that do as good a job of creating an atmosphere of fun and excitement for its people and its customers – maybe Southwest Airlines in the airline industry, Starbucks in the consumer goods space, or Apple and Google in high-tech.
But it’s hard to surpass ESPN. ” (Smith, P. xxiii, ESPN; The Company. ) This information, combined with information gathered through direct conversations with ESPN Marketing employees would strongly indicate that ESPN has done an outstanding job of entrenching its brand promise both internally amongst its work-force and externally through its broadly scoped programming. From an internal branding perspective ESPN appears to have achieved what all companies strive for; to entrench its vision and culture that pervades throughout everything it does.

F. Scott Fitzgerald and Gatsby S Business

Chapter 7 Questions: 1. Who is Pammy? How does Gatsby react when he sees her? How does her existence complicate Gatsby’s dream? Pammy is the daughter of Daisy and Tom Buchanan. Gatsby looks at Pammy with surprise when he meets her, Tom and Daisy’s daughter. He is hurt that Daisy has moved on in life without him, while he remains trapped in the love he has had for her all those years. Pammy is living proof, something you cannot undo, and that is why it hurts Gatsby. 2. How does Tom suddenly come to realize that Daisy loves Gatsby? How does he react?
Tom suddenly comes to realize that Daisy loves Gatsby when before lunch Gatsby eyes and Daisy’s eyes meet, and “… stare at each other, alone in space. ” Tom realizes that they love each other. Their eyes reveal this to him. Tom reacts in shock and did not say anything. He opened his mouth, looked at Gatsby, then back to Daisy as if in disbelief. 3. What important discovery does Wilson make in this chapter? How does he react? Wilson discovers that his wife had an affair. He believes that Myrtle is unworthy. He needs money so he can go out West. 4. What things has Tom discovered about Gatsby’s business dealings?
Tom perceives Gatsby as a low-class hustler, a bootlegger who will never be able to distance himself from his past. In Tom’s selective mind, Gatsby is common and therefore his existence is meaningless. He comes from ordinary roots and can never change that. The illusion of Jay Gatsby comes tumbling down. In all of Gatsby’s years of dreaming, he never once suspected that he might not have his way. He is no longer able to define himself because the dream defined him and now the dream is gone. 5. Why was Myrtle running towards Gatsby’s car? Who was driving the car that hit Myrtle Wilson? Who does Tom think was driving?

Myrtle was running away from her husband because he would not let her go. Daisy was driving the car that hit Myrtle Wilson. Tom thought that Gatsby was driving the car. 6. How does the accident seem to affect Jordan? Jordan doesn’t seem affected by the accident. She acts as if it is just another event in her partying-lifestyle. Nick refers to all of them as “rotten” because they are self-absorbed, uncaring, selfish, and dishonest people. Daisy killed Myrtle and doesn’t seem to feel a thing. Analysis: 7. What has changed about Gatsby’s house? What might this change symbolize or foreshadow?
Gatsby’s house has been overtaken by his dream. He let his own desires corrupt his internal sanctuary. 8. What does the author mean when he writes that Tom looked at Daisy “as if he had just recognized her as someone he knew a long time ago. ” He saw the real Daisy, a person that has been covered up by everyone’s desires. She let people think what they want to feel a part of everything. She let people build up their own reputation for her rather than building it up herself. 9. Why do you think Fitzgerald refers to Daisy as “the golden girl”? What does Gatsby say Daisy’s voice is “full of”?
What does this comparison suggest about what really attracts men to her? I think that Fitzgerald refers to Daisy as “the golden girl” because, she was always expected to do everything perfect so that she did not mess up her family’s reputation. Many are drawn to the rich crowd even if they disapprove of them, like Nick. Daisy represents material wealth and all that comes with it. These things are class, beauty, comfort and power. Gatsby said that Daisy’s voice was full of money. This shows that she has power over men. Daisy has always had what she wanted growing up in a wealthy home, including her choice of men. 0. How has Gatsby’s dream died in this chapter? How has everyone else suffered loss in this chapter? Gatsby’s dream leads him to the destruction, of both the dream and himself. Gatsby wants to be loved by everyone. He does want to have to earn Daisy. He constantly wants to be the center of attention and have a reputation as a pillar of society. He wants to be wealthy and almost “god-like”. 11. After the confrontational scene in the hotel room, why do you think Fitzgerald has Nick report that he has turned thirty that day? What is ironic about Nick turning thirty in this particular chapter?
It shows Nick maturing and realizing who everyonje really is rather than hiding in the background. It is ironic because as one is celebrating life others are mourning the death of Myrtle Wilson. 12. In this chapter, Gatsby’s car is described as the “death car. ” If his car symbolizes materialism, how does this add meaning to that symbolism? Identify other “deaths” found in Chapter 7. Gatsby’s dream has become a death and Daisy’s covered up personality has as well. Gatsby’s car was just a role in this charade because Tom was trying to prove a point to everyone. 13. Why is Nick disgusted with Jordan in the end of the chapter?
What has she done or said that irritates him? Nick is disgusted with Jordan in the end of chapter 7 because, he finds out that Jordan was dating another man. Nick did not see Jordan for a long time. Nick is disgusted by the fact that Jordan is spoiled, dishonest, and careless. Jordan wants to win everything at the expense of honesty and trust. Therefore, she makes herself out to be a dishonest person who lies to get what she wants. 14. Chapter 7 parallels Chapter 1 in many ways. One example is the initial setting at the Buchanan’s; a second example is the heat. Identify at least three other similarities.
What might be Fitzgerald’s purpose for this parallelism? Three other similarities are. I think that Fitzgerald’s purpose for this parallelism is, 15. How are Tom Buchanan and George Wilson alike? What might Fitzgerald be suggesting through these similarities? Tom used George to get to his wife Myrtle, who gave him the sense of vitality that he longed for, the sense of vitality that Daisy just could not give him. Tom meditated a devious plan to rid Gatsby from Daisy’s life. He purposely took Gatsby’s car to Wilson’s garage so Myrtle would see it and think that it was Tom’s new car. 6. How does Fitzgerald draw comparisons between Tom and Gatsby? What might he be suggesting through these similarities? Both want Daisy to be their very own. Being wealthy, wanting Daisy to be their own, and having hostile feelings towards one another. Both Gatsby and Tom strive to be financially successful. Both Gatsby and Tom find their high status in society important. Differences between one another can lead to negative consequences. They see the bad qualities in themselves and hate each other for it. 17. Compare and contrast the following two images.
Identify where each occurs in the story and discuss the meaning behind the similarities and differences. 18 He put his hands in his coat pockets and turned back eagerly to his scrutiny of the house, as though my presence marred the sacredness of the vigil. So I walked away and left him standing there in the moonlight—watching over nothing. 19 But I didn’t call to him, for he gave a sudden intimation that he was content to be alone—he stretched out his arms toward the dark water in a curious way, and, far as I was from him, I could have sworn he was trembling.
Involuntarily I glanced seaward— and distinguished nothing except a single green light, minute and faraway, that might have been the end of a dock. In both of these scenes Gatsby pushes away the help of others. He does not want people to see the real him or get too close. Everyone has feelings and Gatsby is hit hard when people get in between him and his dreams. Staring out into the big sky and open world helps him clear his head.

Mortar Mixes Using Different Concentration Of MGSO4 Environmental Sciences Essay

1.0 General: Mortar mix is a combination of cement and sand that is used to keep together building type blocks. On adding H2O it becomes a feasible paste that sets difficult. It is used with stuffs like bricks and rocks to do paseos and walls. Mortar was originally made of clay or clay. There is grounds of the usage of howitzer in civilizations around the universe. Persian and Babylonian constructions used howitzer from about 2900 BC on. The earliest Egyptian pyramids used the clay or clay combination, while ulterior edifices used gypsum or calcium hydroxide. Mortar can besides be used for the fix of masonry when the original howitzer has washed off. Modern howitzers are typically made from a mixture of sand, a binder such as cement or calcium hydroxide, and H2O.
Cement fabrication is related with a batch of environmental jeopardies and has impacts at all phases of the procedure. These include emanations of airborne pollution in the signifier of dust, gases, noise and quiver when runing machinery and during blaring in preies, and harm to countryside from quarrying, heavy metal emanations in the during the high-temperature calcination procedure of limestone and clay minerals and the ingestion of a immense sum of fuel. Most cement kilns today use coal and crude oil coke as primary fuels, and to a lesser extent natural gas and fuel oil.
For the turning population of the universe, the demand for lodging and electricity is besides increasing consequently. For lodging and other installations, the building industry is turning at a really fast gait with of all time increasing demand for cement. To carry through the demand of electricity for such population in India up to 2004 the electricity coevals was about 1,12,058 MW, 65-70 % of which is thermic ( largely coal based ) . Further, harmonizing to an estimation 100,000 MW capacity or more would be required in the following 10 twelvemonth.

Concrete is a composite stuff composed of harsh farinaceous stuff ( the sum or filler ) embedded in a difficult matrix of stuff ( the cement or binder ) that fills the infinite between the sum atoms and gums them together. We can besides see concrete as a composite stuff that consists basically a binding medium which particles or fragments of sums are embedded. The simplest representation of concrete is:
Concrete = Filler + Binder.
There are many different sorts of concrete. For illustration, Portland cement concrete, asphalt concrete, and epoxy concrete. In concrete building, the Portland cement concrete is utilized the most. Therefore, the term concrete normally refers to Portland cement concrete.
Admixtures are stuffs other than sum ( all right and coarse ) , H2O, fiber and cement, which are added into concrete batch instantly before or during blending. Use of Admixtures has become a common pattern in modern concrete. Chemical alloies can modify the scene and indurating feature of cement paste by act uponing the rate of cement hydration. Water-reducing alloy can plasticise fresh concrete mixtures by cut downing surface tenseness of H2O, air-entraining alloies can better the lastingness of concrete, and mineral alloies such as pozzolana ( stuffs incorporating reactive silicon oxide ) can cut down thermic snap.
1.1. Mortar: A edifice stuff made by blending calcium hydroxide, cement or plaster of Paris with sand, H2O and sometimes with other stuffs, used in masonry for fall ining rocks, bricks, etc. besides for stick oning.
1.1.1 Gypsum howitzer: The Egyptians used gypsum howitzers in the building of the pyramids. More late, this type of howitzer was used to reconstruct much of the metropolis of Paris, which gave its name to the Gypsum, sometimes called Plaster of Paris, as a consequence of the natural gypsum sedimentations found under the territory of Monmartre.
Some of this gypsum bonded masonry still exists in the older parts of Paris. More late, an imported external render, based on Gypsum, originally developed in France, was imported into the United Kingdom. However, after a short period of clip and a bad history of failures this was withdrawn from the market.
In add-on to this recent job, it is known that many of the bing historic homes in Paris, that were originally built with gypsum howitzer and have non been restored, suffered severely from moistness and impairment. As a consequence of these inauspicious experiences, and partially originating from the theoretical position that they do non organize hydrates that are stable in presence of H2O, gypsum howitzers are, hence, non used today and non recommended for external work.
1.1.2 Lime Mortars: The Egyptians used lime howitzers, with literature on this topic dating back 2000 old ages.
Lime howitzers are believed to indurate and derive strength by the vaporization of H2O and the soaking up of C dioxide from the ambiance. This consequences in the gradual transition of calcium hydroxide into Ca carbonate. This mechanism is theoretically right, but takes a really long clip to bring forth any meaningful strength.
1.1.3 Calcium oxide: The calcium hydroxide is produced, by and large by firing mineral natural stuffs ; dwelling of Ca chiefly but Mg based calcium hydroxides besides exist. Magnesium based calcium hydroxides are non nevertheless used for howitzer in the United Kingdom or Ireland and will non be considered farther in this text.
In the United Kingdom, the natural stuffs that are burnt in the kiln to bring forth calcium hydroxide are chalk or limestone, but in theory any chalky feedstock could be used. In some states, shells, corals and other beginnings of Ca are besides used satisfactorily.
When the natural stuff, which is fundamentally composing of Ca carbonate, is heated to about 950oC, the combined C dioxide is driven off in the signifier of gas, to ensue in Ca oxide or calcium oxide remaining.
1.1.4 Hydrated calcium hydroxide: Calcium oxide is non used straight in howitzer, but it is foremost reacted with H2O to bring forth Ca hydrated oxide, known as “ quenched ” or “ hydrated ” calcium hydroxide and in this signifier it is ready to be added in a howitzer mix. However, it is formed that pure Ca hydrated oxide howitzers, though being capable of indurating and strength development, in world it reacts highly easy. Hence, it require a period of possibly 100 old ages for a howitzer articulation to carbonate or indurate to a deepness of possibly 6 to 10 millimeter ( carbonation is the transition of Ca hydrated oxide to calcium carbonate ) .
The ancient craftsmen realized this, and knew that a really pure calcium hydroxide was really inferior to one that had some drosss.
1.1.5 Hydraulic calcium hydroxide: When cement is manufactured, calcium hydroxide is burnt in a kiln with clay, to supply a cementing compound that reacts with H2O to bring forth a hard-boiled hydrate. It can be seen that the presence of clay drosss produces efficaciously weak cement.
This deficiency of understanding besides leads to an erroneous reading of the belongingss of lime howitzers. Some modern builders and specifies ascribe a whole overplus of good belongingss to “ lime ” howitzers, based chiefly on their observations of the long life of historic constructions, without recognizing precisely what type of lime howitzers they do necessitate for their usage. Many successful and long lasting constructions that they believe to incorporate lime howitzers are based on hydraulic calcium hydroxide. In world this is weak and rough cement, when compared to the purer hydrated calcium hydroxides that are produced today. It will be seen that usage of the latter stuff will non bring forth a howitzer with a great trade of strength or lastingness, as the carbonation procedure returns so easy and produces comparatively low strength development.
Due to the apparent long permanent nature of hydraulic calcium hydroxide based howitzers, in recent old ages some specifiers have once more been qualifying them, unaware of the manner in which they were produced originally, and in the belief that similar stuffs are readily available today.
It is non the instance that hydraulic calcium hydroxides are readily available in the UK today as merely one little works in Dorset produces commercial measures. Some hydraulic calcium hydroxides are imported from Italy and France but whilst these may be echt, a figure are formulated utilizing mixtures of Portland cement, calcium hydroxide and air entraining agent and are therefore non hydraulic calcium hydroxides at all, but instead masonry cements.
Study suggests wherever historic calcium hydroxides are referred to these are hydraulic calcium hydroxide in world and non hydrated calcium hydroxide.
There are legion illustrations of lasting constructions made with mortar one such illustration of U.K. is illustration Hadrian ‘s wall still which has monolithic restored countries of original stuffs.
The Tower of London, some 900 old ages old, provides farther grounds of the lastingness of masonry stuffs and historic calcium hydroxide howitzer.
1.1.6 Ash calcium hydroxide howitzer: The possible pozzolanic belongingss of ash or other stuff incorporating reactive silicon oxides have been known since Roman times.
There are many misconceptions and its inappropriate specification. Early bricks were fired at low temperatures and the attendant merchandise was rather extremely reactive in the presence of free calcium hydroxide. However, modern bricks are fired at a much higher temperature and are non about every bit reactive, as earlier one.
Therefore a great trade of confusion exists, related to the specification of stuffs which can give a true image of historic features and hence go forthing behind a possible beginning. Therefore, any specification for a lime howitzer to be used in concurrence with land brick dust should be critically questioned. In contrast to the state of affairs with brick dust, the usage of ash in ash calcium hydroxide howitzers has been widespread and more successful, but non to state that these mixes should truly be specified today.
After industrial revolution widespread handiness of furnace ashes, ash calcium hydroxide or black ash howitzers are used by common adult male.
These stuffs are frequently criticized today, chiefly because of their drosss, taking to lastingness jobs. There is grounds of usage of these stuffs in pit work built around the beginning and center of the 20th century caused corrosion of the wall ties, but it is ill-defined whether or non many of these ties would hold corroded in any event regardless of the type of howitzer used.
Many constructions exist today besides where old ash calcium hydroxide howitzers are still lasting. Ash lime howitzers were still used good into the center of the 20th century in those parts of the state where ash was widely available.
1.1.7 Cement: calcium hydroxide: sand howitzers: Development of “ modern ” Portland cements, the potency for masonry building. This is attributable rapid rate which enabled building work.
The early limes antecedently used produced acceptable working belongingss for the Masons. The rate of strength addition was low, particularly in cold conditions conditions. This meant that even a high quality calcium hydroxide, with a good ultimate strength, could turn out really debatable for winter use. Indeed it is likely that the bulk of masonry building proceed small during the winter months.
The handiness of the new Portland cements changed this state of affairs and enabledConstruction to transport on throughout the twelvemonth, with the obvious exclusion of periods of really terrible winter conditions with heavy precipitations or stop deading temperatures.
However, a job arose with these new stuffs. With the calcium hydroxides, which they antecedently worked with, mix proportions of between one portion binder to two or two and a half parts sand ( 1:2 and 1:2 ) were used by the Masons. These mix proportions produced a mix with acceptable working belongingss. The usage of such high binder contents with cements resulted in a howitzer was excessively strong for the units for which it was being applied.
Use of these stuffs for reconstructing the earlier work suffered from some short comings.Solution to this job was to utilize both calcium hydroxide and cement as a binder, with the calcium hydroxide and cement together organizing the proportions of one portion of binder to two and a half or three of sand.Today, howitzers are widely used in most continents, preponderantly in Europe, North America, Australasia and Asia.
1.1.8 Masonry cement howitzers: Use of Masonry cement howitzer in a cement plant is an alternate construct of blending together cement and calcium hydroxide on site or to obtain a blend of the belongingss of howitzer which is neither excessively strong nor excessively weak.
Recent research work has shown that limestone may besides supply an enhanced strength development in the medium and long term because of a slow continuance of the cement hydration/strength development procedure.
In United Kingdom masonry cement is utilized as mixtures of Portland cement and crushed rock, wherever in North America, the tradition has been to utilize mixtures of Portland cement and hydrated calcium hydroxide, together with air entrainment.
This construct has late been adopted by one of the UK cement plant and has now been incorporated into the Code of Practice BS 5628.
1.2. Coal: Coal occupies an of import place in the Indian energy sector since India has huge militias of thermic class coal. Coal is the most abundant and widely dispersed dodo energy resource in the universe. Among the entire power generated yearly in India, approximately 70 % is produced by thermic power workss. The bulk of thermic power workss ( about 84 % ) are running on coal with 70 billion dozenss of coal modesty, while the staying 13 % tally on gas and 3 % on oil. About 112 million dozenss of fly ash is generated yearly in India by thermic power workss as a byproduct of coal burning. Fly ash is a burnt and powdery derived function of inorganic mineral affair that generates during the burning of powdered coal in the thermic power works. The burned ash of the coal contains largely silica, alumina, Ca and Fe as the major chemical components. Depending on the combustion temperature of coal, the mineral stages in crystalline to non-crystalline constructions such as vitreous silica ( SiO2 ) , mullite ( 3Al2O3.2H2O ) , hematite ( Fe2O3 ) , magnetite ( Fe3O4 ) , wustite ( FeO ) , metallic Fe, orthoclase ( K2O Al2O3.6SiO2 ) and fused silicates normally occur in the burned coal ash. Silica and alumina history for approximately 75 to 95 % in the ash. The categorization of thermic works fly ash is considered based on reactive Ca oxide content as class-F ( less than 10 % ) and class-C ( more than 10 % ) . Fly ash quality depends on coal type, coal atom choiceness, per centum of ash in coal, burning technique, air/fuel ratio, and boiler type. Indian fly ash belongs to class-F. The Ca bearing silicon oxide and silicate minerals of ash occur either in crystalline or non-crystalline constructions and are hydraulic in nature ; they easy reacts with H2O or hydrated lime and develops pozzolanic belongings. But the crystalline mineral stages of vitreous silica and mullite nowadays in the ash are stable constructions of silicon oxide and silicates, and are non-hydraulic in nature. Normally the fly ash contains these two mineral stages as the major components. Therefore, the use of fly ash in building industry as sums or replacing of cement mostly depends on the mineral construction and pozzolanic belongings. Fly ash is loosely an aluminium-silicate type of mineral rich in aluminum oxide and silicon oxide.
1.2.1.Worldwide Scenario of fly ash Use: Indian coals have really high ash content. The fly ash content of coal used by thermic power workss in India varies between 25 and 45 % . A big sum of fly ash is generated by thermic power workss, doing several disposal related jobs. In malice of enterprises taken by the authorities, several non-governmental and research and development organisations for fly ash use, the degree of fly ash use in the state was estimated to be less than 10 % anterior to 1996-97.On the Global degree, less than 25 % of the entire one-year fly ash produced is utilised. However, in many states like Germany, Belgium and Netherlands more than 95 % of the entire fly ash produced was reportedly used during 1996. Likewise United Kingdom 50 % fly ash was utilized during 1998, whereas the use by the China during 1995 was about 32 % and 40 % , severally.
European states are taking in use of fly ash. In Canada a batch of research work has been done in the country of high volume fly ash concrete and they are efficaciously utilizing fly ash since last two decennaries. Japan is besides front smuggler in use of fly ash in Asia. The use of fly ash by twelvemonth stoping 2001-2002 is given below:
Germany & A ; Netherlands: 100 %
Belgique: 90 %
Japan: 67 %
India: 13 %
1.2.2. Leaching Behaviour of fly ash: In India, surveies have been carried out toward direction of fly ash disposal and use. Fly ash is utilized in cement and building. But, the rate of production is greater than ingestion. The fresh fly ash is disposed into keeping pools, lagunas, landfills and slagheaps. Disposal of immense sums of fly ash in landfills, and surface impoundings or its reuse in building stuffs is of environmental concern. LeachingA is the motion of contaminations, such as water-soluble pesticides or fertilisers, carried by H2O downward through permeable dirts. Most pesticides adsorb to dirty atoms ( particularly clay ) become immobile and do non leach. The destiny of nomadic pesticides, nevertheless, can be thought of as a race between the assorted debasement procedures and leaching to groundwater.
During conveyance, disposal, and storage stages, fly ash is subjected to leaching and portion of the unwanted constituents in the ashes may foul both land and surface Waterss. Fly ash can be leached in higher concentrations than imbibing H2O criterions and can do taint in imbibing H2O beginnings. Fly ash contains trace sums of toxic metals that may hold negative effects on human wellness and on workss. Disposal of fly ash in surface H2O beginnings disrupts aquatic life, whereas toxic metals leached contaminate belowground H2O resources. Therefore, it is of import to analyze the leaching behavior of fly ash.
In India, so far non much accent has been given to utilize coal ash as backfill stuff in underground/ unfastened dramatis personae mines and to foretell its subsequent consequence on land H2O quality. One of the chief jobs in disposing of large measures of coal ash is the possible leaching of different pollutants. A thorough probe sing leaching of trace/heavy metals from different fly ashes is required to cognize the impact of leached hint metals from fly ash to land H2O every bit good as surface H2O.
In the present survey, short term and long term leaching survey has been carried out on fly ash from Panipat Thermal Power works, Haryana. An effort has been taken to analyze the leaching behaviour of fly ash as per the internationally recognized process laid down inCEN/TS 14405.
1.3. Objective of Work: The chief aim of the present research work is twofold. The first 1 is to utilize the fly ash as cost effectual replacement of dearly-won building stuffs and 2nd 1 is to happen out the optimal workability and public presentation of howitzer mix with fly ash in inauspicious commixture and hardening conditions. A typical research programme formulated for the survey is shown in Table 1 & A ; 2.
In the capital metropolis of Delhi, the sanctum River Yamuna is the chief beginning of H2O. The usage of natural Yamuna H2O for building proposes is how far good and, if non, how much impact it put on the overall public presentation of howitzer regular hexahedrons in the similar commixture and bring arounding status with that of the normal DJB H2O supplied for imbibing intents has been attempted for comparing. In add-on to the above, leaching column survey on fly ash collected from NTPC, Panipat has besides been performed for appraisal of likely leaching of hint elements as per standard process laid down in European Standard CEN/TS 14405.
Table 1.1: Research on howitzer mixes utilizing Yamuna H2O with different concentration of MgSO4 for blending and DJBW & A ; YW with different concentration of MgSO4 for bring arounding of howitzer regular hexahedrons.
Mortar mixes utilizing different concentration of MgSO4 in Yamuna H2O
Yamuna H2O
4 % MgSO4
8 % MgSO4
12 % MgSO4
16 % MgSO4
Water quality for hardening of howitzer regular hexahedrons
Normal DJB H2O
Yamuna H2O
4 % MgSO4
DJB Water
8 % MgSO4 DJB Water
12 % MgSO4 DJB Water
Detailed periodic surveies for physical, chemical and mineralogical surveies of H2O and concrete
7 yearss
7 yearss
7 yearss
7 yearss
7 yearss
28 yearss
28 yearss
28 yearss
28 yearss
28 yearss
56 yearss
56 yearss
56 yearss
56 yearss
56 yearss
90 yearss
90 yearss
90 yearss
90 yearss
90 yearss
365 yearss
365 yearss
365 yearss
365 yearss
365 yearss
Table 1.2: Research on howitzer mixes utilizing 35 % Yamuna H2O with different concentration of MgSO4 for blending and DJBW & A ; YW with different concentration of MgSO4 for bring arounding of howitzer regular hexahedrons.
Mortar mixes utilizing 35 % fly ash with different concentration of MgSO4 in Yamuna H2O
DJB H2O
4 % MgSO4
8 % MgSO4
12 % MgSO4
16 % MgSO4
Water quality for hardening of howitzer regular hexahedrons
Normal DJB H2O
Normal Yamuna H2O
4 % MgSO4
DJB Water
8 % MgSO4 DJB Water
12 % MgSO4 DJB Water
Detailed periodic surveies for physical, chemical and mineralogical surveies of H2O and concrete
7 yearss
7 yearss
7 yearss
7 yearss
7 yearss
28 yearss
28 yearss
28 yearss
28 yearss
28 yearss
56 yearss
56 yearss
56 yearss
56 yearss
56 yearss
90 yearss
90 yearss
90 yearss
90 yearss
90 yearss
365 yearss
365 yearss
365 yearss
365 yearss
365 yearss
Due to the increasing demand of energy, the rate of production of fly ash is besides increasing. The use of fly ash in cement or building industry is non in synchronism with the immense sum of its production. The safe disposal of fly ash is a topic of concern as fly ash poses risky jobs to the environment in many ways.The fresh fly ash is disposed into keeping pools, lagunas, landfills and scoria tonss. Fly ash can pollute the surface H2O, dirt and besides the land H2O due to the leaching of unwanted constituents. Fly ash can be leached in higher concentrations than the prescribed bounds of codifications for imbibing H2O criterions and can do taint in imbibing H2O beginnings. Fly ash contains trace sums of toxic metals that may hold negative effects on human wellness and on workss.
Disposal of fly ash in surface H2O beginnings disrupts aquatic life, whereas toxic metals leached contaminate belowground H2O resources. Therefore, it is of import to analyze the leaching behavior of fly ash.
1.4. Organization of Work: Chapter-1 includes debut of fly ash and Mortar, Classification of Mortar, worldwide scenario of concrete and wing ash use for environmental friendly constructive fabrication and aim of present work how we better usage with fly ash so that it can assist us in civil technology and besides better the quality of environment.
Chapter-2 Literature reappraisal related to concrete and wing ash with accent on usage of fly ashas a replacing stuff of cement and effects of alteration in physical and chemical conditions on public presentation of concrete and howitzer.
Chapter-3 Material and methods includes analysis of fly ash and OPC and H2O quality analysis in conformity with national and international codifications commissariats and casting of regular hexahedrons.
Chapter-4 Collection and calculation of informations and treatment on trial consequences.
Chapter-5 Conclusion includes the result of whole experiments and suggestions based on result for farther survey.

Psychology week 3 worksheet

Please read the ENTIRE assignment and only respond if you can complete the assignment.

Resource: Inferential Research and Statistics Project
Use the provided data set to complete Part 1 of the Inferential Research and Statistics Project  
GROUP 1     GROUP 2
1.3                      6.5
2.5                     8.7
2.3                     9.8
8.1                     10.2
5                     7.9
7                     6.5
7.5                      8.7
5.2                      7.9
4.4                     8.7
7.6                     9.1
9                     8.4
7.6                     6.4
4.5                      7.2
1.1                     5.8
5.6                     6.9
6.2                     5.9
7                     7.6
6.9                     7.8
5.6                     7.3
5.2                     4.6
9                     8.4
7.6                     6.4
4.5                     7.2
1.1                     5.8
5.6                     6.9
6.2                     5.9
7                     7.6
6.9                     7.8
5.6                     7.3
5.2                     4.6

· Applied Psychology: 
 
A large medical facility is experiencing too many missed appointments in its primary and specialty care clinics. The facility has noticed that not all patients respond well to reminder calls regarding follow-up appointments. Some patients do not answer calls and do not seem to respond to voice mail requesting they call the facility. The result is that many follow-up appointments are missed. Facility management have read articles that indicate people respond very well to text messages and would like to see which method provides the least amount of missed appointments. Missed appointments are tracked in the facility database on a monthly basis.
  
Write a 525- to 750-word paper that addresses the following for your chosen scenario:
· Clearly define the problem or issue you are addressing. Provide a brief background of any research you have found that might affect your research hypothesis.
 
· Create a research hypothesis based on the information provided in each scenario. You have been given a data set (Microsoft® Excel® document) with two sets of interval data (just the numbers, as you must decide what they represent, such as method A results or method B results). This means you are going to test one thing against another, such as which method works best (step 1 of the steps to hypothesis testing). State the null and research hypotheses. Explain whether these hypotheses require a one-tailed test or two-tailed test, and explain your rationale.
 
· Describe the sample you will use. Sample size will be 30 for each group, which are provided in your data set. Explain what type of sampling you selected.
 
· Do you think you would also collect some descriptive data, such as gender, age, or shift? Why do you think it makes sense to collect descriptive data? 
Format your paper according to APA guidelines.

David Abram Ecology of Magic

Humans are born from and return to earth at death; human beings and nature are bound up each other. Yet, the technological modern world has shaped humans to be oblivious of nature and the ethnocentrism has positioned human beings above all other things. Nature has become resources for people and nothing more than that. David Abram, the author of the Ecology of magic, travels into the wild, traditional land in search of the relation between magic and nature; the meaning nature holds in the traditional cultures.
Abram intends to communicate his realization of the magical awareness of the countless nonhuman entities and the necessity of the balance between the human communities and the nature to the readers, hoping the Western technologized people to regard nature with respect and wonder. The perceptional differences Westerners and the traditional people hold in regard of nature should be transcended to achieve equilibrium and consequently bring about a healthier society. What is it that Abram experiences in the traditional land of Indonesia?
Abram is also one of the Westerners who lived all his life in the modern technological world; he once was a person who did not know the true value of nature. However, in the traditional, oral land, the author succeeds in overcoming the perceptional differences and realizes the importance nature holds in his life. During the travel, Abram purposefully encounters and befriends the traditional magicians or sorcerers with his sleight of hand magic that buys interest from them.

As the author states, “For magicians – whether modern entertainers or indigenous tribal sorcerers – have in common the fact that they work with the malleable texture of perception” (Abram, 3), the common ground of ‘working with the malleable texture of perception’ has let Abram to look more closely into the activities the magicians perform in the traditional oral land. As Abram works his hands to trick the audience, thereby working with the perceptions of the audiences, the magicians engage in shedding the accepted perceptual logic to enter into relation with other entities.
The primary objective of the magicians, at first, seems to be healers as they participate in treating the sicknesses; however, Abram learns that the magicians hold a more important role in the human communities. They act as the intermediaries between the human world and the nature. The diseases that circulate the village originate from the imbalance between the nature and the human world and the magicians work with the primary cause of the sicknesses.
The basic concept of treating the illnesses differs from the Western doctors who perform surgeries as the magicians, living at the periphery of the human communities, sought to communicate with the nature, consequently striving to achieve equilibrium. The prayers, praises and the propitiations given to the nature in return for the nourishment and sustenance it provides to human communities do not seem forthright at first, even to Abram; the magician’s primary role only seems as formal traditions that hold no meaning for the villagers who only yearn for visual and direct treatment of the diseases.
Yet, as Abram suggests, “…and it was only gradually that I became aware of this more subtle dimension of the native magician’s craft” (8), while living in the remote traditional land and experiencing the diverse, rather different performances, the author was able to notice and learn seeing and hearing things in different manners. ‘To see and hear in a manner I never had before’ (15) was not something that Abram learnt with his head, but rather a feeling obtained with his skin.
By shifting out human’s awareness to other various nonhuman beings and thinking in the perspective of those intelligences’ (7), Abram was able to hold respect and awe for nature and realize the importance of the balance. Just by staring into the spiders, the birds, the river and the wind, Abram was able to communicate with these nonhuman entities and see the importance these beings hold in human beings’ daily lives.
The basis of the perceptional difference lies in the mere difference in how the traditional and the Westerners regard the relation between magic and nature. In the Western world, magic is defined as the ability to alter one’s consciousness at will. The magicians perform hand tricks to startle the senses and free the audience from the outdated and restricted thoughts by inspiring awe and surprises within the individuals. This is the common image that we bring up when thinking of the word magic and magician.
Westerners find no relation between magic and nature as the two are thought as two distinct concepts. However, people of the oral, traditional land conjure up different idea in regard of magic and nature. The two are correlated concepts as magic can be defined as “humans experience their own consciousness as simply one form of awareness among many others” (7). Magic is shifting out one’s consciousness to put it in others shoes. The others indicate the many beings regarded to have intelligence, the components of nature.
By thinking in the perspective of other nonhuman entities, as Abram succeeded in doing in the traditional land, the magicians communicate with the nature. As the author mentions, “Countless anthropologists have managed to overlook the ecological dimension of the shaman’s craft, while writing at great length of the shaman’s rapport with supernatural entities” (6), the Western people simply fail to recognize the relationship between nature and magic because they have been raised to think of what is beyond human’s will as the “supernatural” rather than in the dimensions of nature.
Human beings, in the technological, modern world, stands above all other things as the ethnocentrism has shaped people to think in human-based terms; the surrounding environment, including the rocks, mountains, and the animals, have been placed there for human use and nothing more than that. They are entities with no senses, no thoughts, and no feelings. Humans are the only beings with intelligence. The busy daily lives formed due to the advanced technology have shaped people to simply deny the existence of other entities and perceive things other than humans as non-meaningful.
Abram, too, adjusts to the modern world and returns to his original life as a Westerner who fails to regard nature with respect when he goes back to his homeland from Indonesia. Despite all the feelings and knowledge gained in the traditional land, because of the technology and the ethnocentrism Abram fails to continue his communication with the nature. Yet, the importance of respect for nature and the balance between nature and human beings should be comprehended by the modern society people.
As the author has witnessed, “The sad results of our interactions with the rest of nature were being reported in every newspaper – from the depletion of topsoil due to industrial farming techniques to the fouling of groundwater by industrial wastes…” (20), the damages spurred on the nature due to human’s endless desires result in dire situations of extinction of animals and the rapid destruction of the tropical forests. The broken equilibrium causes diseases to circulate the society.
Constant advancements in technology do not work out to correct the damages done to human beings and the nature. What should be taken for human use should be compensated for to the nature; balance is the most fundamental way to end the vicious cycle that constantly damages both human beings and the nature. Modern people should not disregard the relation between magic and nature. Understanding the importance nature holds for human beings would arouse the magical forces of the equilibrium.

Benchmarking o Improve Quality of Care and Communicating Change

  
Comparing, or benchmarking, outcomes is an important means by which health care providers strive to improve quality of care. Although this concept applies to all kinds of clinical care facilities, for this Discussion you focus on hospitals so that you can make use of data on the CMS’s “Hospital Compare” website to conduct some basic benchmarking analysis.
Using this analysis as a launching point, you then evaluate priorities for improvement and consider how to create a motivating environment that supports significant, lasting change.
To Prepare
Go to http://www.medicare.gov/hospitalcompare/search.html

Enter search criteria and click “Find Hospitals.” Select a hospital on which to focus for this Discussion.
Review all of the data on this hospital, which should include the various Process of Care Measures and the Survey of Patients’ Hospital Experiences (HCAHPS scores).
Compare the data for your selected hospital with data from other institutions in the area and across the country, as you think appropriate. (To do this, repeat the steps described above, but this time include these other institutions in your comparison.)
Based upon your first selected hospital’s comparative scores, what do you think is the most important area related to patient satisfaction/clinical outcomes to improve, and why? It may be helpful to consider what other steps you would take to get a clearer picture of this quality issue.
Think about how you as a leader and manager would communicate change at the point of care (front line) to provide service that improves one or more patient satisfaction/clinical outcomes in your selected hospital.

By Day 3
Post a brief description of the hospital and your selected outcome, including indications of the needed improvement. Then, provide a short, persuasive statement demonstrating how you would communicate and motivate a nurse at the point of care (front line) to provide service that improves the selected outcome. Support your statement with evidence and strategies from the literature.

 
Required Readings
Marquis, B. L., & Huston, C. J. (2015). Leadership roles and management functions in nursing: Theory and application (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Review Chapter 19, “Organizational, Interpersonal, and Group Communication”
Read Chapter 23, “Quality Control”
Auer, C., Schwendimann, R., Koch, R., De Geest, S., & Ausserhofer, D. (2014). How hospital leaders contribute to patient safety through the development of trust. Journal of Nursing Administration, 44(1), 23–29.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases
Falkheimer, J. (2014). The power of strategic communication in organizational development. International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, 6(2/3), 124–133.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Tasks of Manager in Teambuilding

There are a number of challenges facing managers or team leaders trying to ensure that team Is really effective or not. This essay will alma at TCPMAN (1965) four-step team development theory, and discuss on Its utility and limitation. Analysis: 1 . The advantage and disadvantage of team and teamwork 2. The utility and application of dustman’s theory – use example for each step 3. The limitation of dustman’s theory a. Dustman’s model is that it makes team building appear too linear and sequential, however, some teams may “loop” around in their development.
For example, if irruption occur during performing stage, leader should move back the team to morning stage. B. Another limitation of Dustman’s theory Is the lack of consideration In Interpersonal attributes. Some emotional attributes may destroy the teamwork (egg. Team Intimate) Example use: Enron and Arthur Andersen’s collapse conclusions : Although dustman’s theory exist several limitations, it’s still a basic analytical mode in today’s team developments, but Just need supporting by other theory. Implication to manager: The complexity of group dynamics in today’s business environment are not easily represented In a simple model.
In order to avoid and resolved grouping and team Intimate, some additional Implications for managers to apply. 1. The group leader should assign the role of critical evaluator to each member, and encourage a sharing of viewpoints. 2. Sometimes group leader may absent deliberately from the group discussion to allow free discussion. 3. Set up several outside groups to work on the same problem, each deliberating under a different leader. Then share their proposed solutions. 4. Invite outside expert to take part in the group meeting and encourage the experts to challenge the views of the core members.

American Barrick Resources Corporation

The gold market is risky as it is impossible to predict the direction of price fluctuations. The greater the range or dispersion of the price changes, the greater the risk involved (market or price risk). When building a risk-management strategy, the firm will start by looking at its operational management to see if it can find ways of reducing the risks it is taking. It will try to ensure that the inflows and outflows are balanced in nature, by currency, and interest-rate sensitivity and so forth, thus creating internal hedges matching by costs and revenues.
Operational hedging involves the firm changing sources of supply, the location of manufacturing, adjustment of production etc. in order to reduce the impact of economic factors. Unfortunately, there are many problems associated with operational hedging. Changing suppliers disturbs existing business relationships, may lead to production and/or quality control problems and is slow to implement.
ABX might consider operational business decisions which involve considerable long-term investment which, probably have significant `exit cost elements. ABX could face considerable costs in altering operational procedures as a risk management tool and would hence not use strategic risk management as their primary means of controlling their macroeconomic exposures. arrick-Cullaton Gold Trust, marketed in Canada and Europe. Figure 1 shows the payout diagram for the investor (right hand scale) and the costs to ABX (left hand scale). The gold trust paid investors 3% of the mine’s output when the price of gold was at or below $399 per ounce, rising to 10% of production when gold was at $1’000 per ounce. ABX totally raised $17 million trough this trust.

The trust represents indirect equity comparable to preferred stock. Trust holder have a right on interest payments (can be seen as dividends) but no voting rights. The payoff for ABX was that it limited the cost of this equity to 3% (of the firms output) when the gold price was at or below $399 and at the same time offering its investors a substantial upside potential of 10% of the mines output when the gold price would reach $1,000 per ounce. This limited potential cost of debts to 10% for ABX.
In addition, ABX had the possibility to buy the trust back if gold prices and production rose significantly in their favour. By doing so, they could protect themselves from paying large amounts of interests. The characteristic that the payout was tied to the mines output helped further to reduce cost of debt when the gold price was at an unfavourable level and thus stabilized the net income. This instrument does not hedge ABX gold price risk on the sales side but on the cost side.
Bullion Loans
ABX entered a bullion loan contract with Toronto Dominion Bank in which it received 77,000 ounces of gold that ABX sold immediately on the sport market for $25 million ($324.68/ounce). Over the next 4 years ABX had to repay in monthly gold ounce instalments incl. 2% annual interest. The assets of the mine (value $54.2 million) and a guarantee issued by ABX collaterized the loan. Additionally, ABX was required to make accelerated deliveries equal to 50% of the cash flow from the mine after deducting capital expenditures and mandatory deliveries.
Figure 2 shows the ABX firm value diagram for the bullion loans. ABX locked the price when it sold the gold on the spot market for $325 over the next 4 1/2 years. ABX would suffer from forgone profits if the gold price rose above $325 because they could sell it on the spot market for a higher price. On the other hand, if the price would fall, ABX is better off at a price of $325. Additionally, ABX was contractually committed to make accelerated deliveries equal to 50% of the mines cash flow. That means, with high cash flows ABX was in a position to quicker pay back its debt in ounces of gold. This resulted in lower forgone profits (slope decreased as depicted.
The characteristic of the repayment and especially accelerated repayment is shown in figure 3. The dotted lines indicate accelerated repayment of gold that can vary depending on the level of cash flows that the mine produced. Characteristics of the repayment of gold with possible scenarios of accelerated repayments (dotted line) ABX raised $ 50 million in 2% gold-indexed notes. Investor paid $1’308 per note and received $26.16 annual interest payments (2%) and the right to redeem the note between February 88 and February 92 with an linearly increasing amount of gold as depicted in figure 5. At expiration the note had to be redeemed. At a prior redemption date, earliest February 88, the investor could chose whether to receive cash or gold bullion whose value equalled 3.2150 ounces at the first redemption date and 3.3804 ounces of gold at expiry. There was no collateration.
;
Figure 4 shows the payoff for ABX for the first redemption date. The payoff for ABX was limited at the cost of the index-note of 2% plus the premium of the call option at the redemption date. The major payoff for ABX was the low debt financing costs of only 2%. On the other hand, the note holder was attracted by the fact they could participate in the raising gold price. ABX had to deliver a specified quantity of gold at specific date for a price fixed at the beginning of the contract. The parties were free to close out their positions through a negotiated settlement. Forward sellers receive a premium above the current gold price called contango. The contango rate was set according to the difference between the interest rate of $ (7%) and the lease rate of gold (2%). This resulted in a contango premium of 7% – 2% = 5%.
ABX logged the gold prices for the future production and therefore insured the risk of price fluctuation between now and the specified delivery date of the contract. This allowed ABX to exactly predict their revenues, and with its stable production costs, its cash flows.  Options and Warrants (collar strategy) ABX sells and buys simultaneously a call (sell) and a put (buy) option on gold. The exercise price of the put is below that of the call. No cash outflow occurs as the premium received form the sale of the call is used to purchase the put.
The collar with an put and a call option with different exercise prices x1 and x2 By setting the exercise price of put and call ABX can determine the degree of gold price risk they want to take. ABX can adjust the exercise of new puts / calls according to new market prices. By following this strategy ABX is able to stabilize its revenues without the cost for financial instruments.

Communication in the Workplace Narrative Essay

Communication is a vital process in organizations and companies in today’s world. It has been defined as an activity that entails transmitting information through interexchange of views or messages by behavior, signals, writing, visuals, and speech. The process of communication requires a sender, the message to be sent, and a receiver. However, it is mandatory for the receiver to be aware of the sender’s intention to communicate. This means that a sender can be able to communicate with a receiver across vast distances (Wilson 2010).
Normally, the communication the process is complete after it is clear that the receiver understood the message as intended by the sender. Communicative commonality is integral to effective communication between communicating parties. Effective communication is not only needed inside an organization but also when dealing with external stakeholders. It enables organization to achieve competitive edge considering the fact that it through it that an organization remains responsive to consumer needs (Jones & George 2007). On the contrary, poor communication disrupts almost everything in an organization.
There are a number of barriers to effective communication (Huczynski & Buchanan 2010). This paper intends to highlight the barriers and how three organizations (Professional Sports, Bernard Mathews, and NHS trust Hospital) have been able to handle the barriers to ensure effective communication. Barriers to Effective Communication Barriers to communication are factors that might hinder effective communication between parties in the workplace. According to Antony and MacVicar (2011), this includes language barriers, cultural barriers, organizational barriers, personal barriers, and interpersonal barriers.

Other barriers to effective communication include information technology and power. Professional sports organizations in Greece, Bernard Mathews, and NHS trust hospital have had to deal with at least of the barriers. The three have employed different strategies to deal with them hence their continued success (Mullins 2005). NHS Trust Hospital Poor communication has hindered hospitals to serve customers in the desired manner. There are a number of factors that have contributed to the problem. According to Smith and Preston (1996), the nature of jobs executed by doctors and nurses has contributed to poor communication.
Nurses and doctors jobs are in most cases stressful leading to their informal communication among them. It is also common to find practitioners being less polite when addressing one another. Lack of understanding of one another’s role and knowledge has also contributed to the poor communication in NHS hospital (Smith & Preston 1996). Gender differences have also been a barrier to effective communication with stereotypes being the main cause. Men practitioners seem to have less respect for female practitioners hence conflicts in communication.
Research has shown that professionalism and status is also a major cause of poor communication in NHS hospital. More experienced nurses and doctors seemed to have fewer problems in building relationships and communicating effectively. This is as compared to less experienced doctors and nurses who experience a lot of problems communicating. Members of the same group in the hospital also find it easy to communicate. Smith and Preston (1996) argues that this ostensibly because of similar language, sense of belonging, and similar training.
NHS has tried to deal with the barriers through the application of a number of strategies. For instance, it has tried to create good relationships among practitioners. This has been done to ensure they are able to communicate with one another with ease. It has also employed training and teaching communication programs to enhance to encourage good communication among practitioners. It is clear that nurses and doctors in the organization have found it hard to get along with one another as a result of different training (Smith & Preston 1996).
It has also been suggested that the organization should implement good communication systems to aid practitioners in communication. The world has been experiencing technological advancements on a daily basis. The hospital needs to capitalize on this to be able to improve communications (Smith & Preston 1996). Bernard Mathews Farms Bernard Mathews Farms is also one of the organizations that have suffered as a result of poor or ineffective communication. Noise has been one of the major barriers to the organization’s effective communication. Specifically, the organization was affected by the noise created by the media.
To be more precise, press articles published negative information about the Bernard Mathews that led to the public have a negative attitude towards it. On the other hand, the organization failed to communicate to its stakeholders or respond to the allegation in a timely to be able to set the record straight. In the essence, this left the public confused on the matter leading to the organization losing its credibility. This also led to the company losing a competitive edge on the market. Employees were also demotivated seeing their company’s name being tarnished in the media.
As a result, it necessitated the need for the management to come up with strong strategies on how to enhance communication with its stakeholders (Bernard Matthews 2011). The company was committed to improving its communication not only with internal stakeholders but also external ones. Internal stakeholders include directors, managers, and employees. The company has been able to communicate effectively with its internal stakeholders through the production of multilingual weekly newsletter to all employees. This has been done to ensure employees are well aware of what is happening in the organization.
The same information is made available on its intranet site. Employees can also log in to be able to access new information. Similarly, the company also provides conducts face to face meeting aimed at informing managers on the progress of the company as well as new initiatives (Bernard Matthews 2011). The company has also employed different strategies to be able to communicate with external stakeholders. This includes customers, regulatory bodies, suppliers, the community, and the government. Essentially, the company was committed to winning back the trust of its stakeholders to survive the market.
One way through which this was achieved is advertising. The company has been able to use the television to advertise its products to ensure they stick in the minds of its customers. It has also made a follow to ascertain the impact of the advertisements. It is through this strategy that the company is able to explain to its customers the benefits of consuming its products. Ultimately, this also gives it the opportunity to address the negative publicity as it is able to inform stakeholders on what is really happening (Bernard Matthews 2011).
Social media and the internet has also been used by the company to be able to reach out to its stakeholders. For example, the company has four websites that serve different audiences. This includes a corporate website, consumer sites, Foodservice site, and a campaigning site. It has been able to use the same to market its products as well as make its new initiatives known to stakeholders. The company has also used the media and public relations to communicate circuitously with its consumers (Bernard Matthews 2011).
Professional Sport. Professional sport organizations have also faced many barriers that impede effective communication. Specifically, coaches have found it problematic to communicate effectively with their players during games. This can be attributed to them having limited time. Coaches find it hard to communicate with players as a result of the limited time they might have to transmit instructions. They have tried their best to handle the same. However, limited time remains a great obstacle (Athanasios 2005). Language has also created a barrier to effective communication in the company.
Professional sports teams are normally composed of players from different countries. As such, coaches might find it problematic to communicate with them. Ability of perception and attitude also hinder effective communication. It is common knowledge that players might decode messages differently hence some may not be able to get the right information. The negative attitude among players has also created a great barrier to communication considering the fact this affects communication not only to their superiors but also other players (Athanasios 2005).
There are also external factors that have hindered communication in professional sports in Canada. External factors are those that are not directly related to the players or their coach but still affect communication. For example, spectators, sports officials, and opponents also act as barriers to effective communications. This can be attributed to the noise they make during sports events (Athanasios 2005). Coaches try to ensure effective communication by asking their players to be calm and remain focused.
They also try to minimize the negative influence created by outside factors. Coaches have also dealt with the problem of languages through naturalization of players. Equally, they have also ensured that their messages are short and clear to ensure every individual perceives or understands them in the desired manner. Team cohesion, fatigue, and team environment affect their attitude towards one another. Coaches have tried to deal with this through ensuring team members have enough rest and spend more time with one another (Athanasios 2005).
Conclusion Communication is very essential for organizations. It is imperative for the management in different organizations to ensure effective communication for better performances. There are a number of barriers that hinder effective communication including personal barriers, language barriers, physical barriers, and gender barriers. Professional Sports, Bernard Mathews, and NHS trust Hospital have faced some of these barriers and have tried their level best to handle them to ensure their success.