Proposal for the Final Paper

Research Project
Each student will write one short papers about 6-8 double-spaced pages each, for the economic and political / security issues respectively. If you have difficulty selecting a topic, you should consult the instructor immediately.
You are encouraged to follow current events in East Asia by regularly reading relevant daily news from the New York Times, the Washington Post, Asia Times Online and such relatively high-quality weeklies as the Economist and Far Eastern Economic Review. All these publications have online editions. For more serious academic research on East Asia, please consult, among others, the following journals: Asian Survey, Asian Affairs, the China Quarterly, Current History, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Organization, Pacific Affairs, and World Politics.
The proposal and paper must be typewritten, using 12 font print, double-spaced, page-numbered, with a 1 inch margin on all sides, and printed on one side of 8 1/2 x 11 paper. You must carefully proofread your papers. Spelling and grammatical errors will be taken into consideration in the grading. Do not put papers in folders; please staple. 
The paper should contain full citation of all sources consulted and referred to in the essay. Any book or article or other source consulted and referred to in the essay will be cited in the essay, either in parenthetical citations or endnotes. A bibliography will be included at the end of the essay identifying all sources. Essays will be well researched and will be based on a combination of scholarship (books and journal articles by authorities), and current articles (newspapers and magazines). At least two authoritative scholarly books (single author, multiple author, or edited books) will be consulted, at least four articles from scholarly refereed journals, and no more than four articles from web sites will be used. Students are encouraged to utilize the online databases for articles from scholarly journals including JSTOR and ABI/INFORM. Students are encouraged to seek the assistance of the Writing Center. 
Fill below question
Proposal for the Final Paper
1. What is your topic?
2. Why are you interested in this topic?
3. What research have you done so far on this topic?
4. What is likely your argument(s)?
5. What are your supporting details? 
6. Citations (Use Chicago)
7. Length: 2-3 pages single-spaced


Assignment 1: Financial Research Report
Due Week 9 and worth 300 points
Imagine that you are a financial manager researching investments for your client. Use the Strayer Learning Resource Center to research the stock of any U.S. publicly traded company that you may consider as an investment opportunity for your client. Your investment should align with your client’s investment goals. (Note: Please ensure that you are able to find enough information about this company in order to complete this assignment. You will create an appendix, in which you will insert related information.) 
The assignment covers the following topics:
• Rationale for choosing the company in which to invest• Ratio analysis  • Stock price analysis• Recommendations 
Refer to the following resources to assist with completing your assignment:
Stock Selection 
• Forbes – “Six Rules to Follow When Picking Stocks”, located at• CNN Money – “Stocks: Investing in stocks”, located at• The Motley Fool – “13 Steps to Investing Foolishly”, located at• Seeking Alpha – “The Graham And Dodd Method For Valuing Stocks”, located at• Investopedia – “Guide to Stock-Picking Strategies”, located at• Seeking Alpha – “Get Your Smart Beta Here! Dividend Growth Stocks As ‘Strategic Beta’ Investments”, located at
Market and Company Information
• U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission – “Market Structure”, located at• Yahoo! Finance, located at• Mergent Online, located at (Note: This resource is available through the Strayer Learning Resource Center.)• Seeking Alpha, located at Also available through the Android or iTunes App store.• Morningstar, located at (Note: You can create a no-cost Basic Access account.)• Research Hub, located in the left menu of your course in Blackboard.
Write a ten to fifteen (10-15) page paper in which you:
1. Provide a rationale for the stock that you selected, indicating the significant economic, financial, and other factors that led you to consider this stock.2. Suggest the primary reasons why the selected stock is a suitable investment for your client. Include a description of your client’s profile.3. Select any five (5) financial ratios that you have learned about in the text. Analyze the past three (3) years of the selected financial ratios for the company; you may obtain this information from the company’s financial statements. Determine the company’s financial health. (Note:Suggested ratios include, but are not limited to, current ratio, quick ratio, earnings per share, and price earnings ratio.)4. Based on your financial review, determine the risk level of the stock from your investor’s point of view. Indicate key strategies that you may use in order to minimize these perceived risks. 5. Provide your recommendations of this stock as an investment opportunity. Support your rationale with resources, such as peer-reviewed articles, material from the Strayer Learning Resource Center, and reviews by market analysts.6. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other similar Websites do not qualify as academic resources. 
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
• Critique financial management strategies that support business operations in various market environments.• Analyze financial statements for key ratios, cash flow positions, and taxation effects.• Review fixed income strategies using time value of money concept, bond valuation methods, and interest rate calculations.• Estimate the risk and return on financial investments.• Apply financial management options to corporate finance. • Determine the cost of capital and how to maximize returns.• Formulate cash flow analysis for capital projects,including project risks and returns.• Evaluate how corporate valuation and forecasting affect financial management.• Analyze how capital structure decision-making practices impact financial management.• Use technology and information resources to research issues in financial management. • Write clearly and concisely about financial management using proper writing mechanics.

How Will Science and Technology Change Our Lives in the Future

EMOTIONS AS BLOCKS OR LESSONS There has always been a question in my mind regarding the use of emotions in attaining enlightenment/self-awareness. It is said that emotions come and go in waves. That often times we try to suppress the negative emotions like anger, lust, greed, jealousy, fear, sadness etc. thereby creating a shadow space in ourselves comprising all the unaccepted parts of ourselves like the negative emotions. If we were to allow these emotions to run their course than they would simply pass through our body without leaving any residues.
It is in generating/offering resistance to the emotions that we build the obstacles to the free flow of energy in our body. Given that all emotions are energies of different patterns and wavelengths we only need to give them free passage to enjoy good health and wellbeing. So far, so good. But how does one allow a negative emotion to ride through without being adversely affected by it. Say I am in a situation where I feel intensely angry/lustful/greedy/jealous/fearful/sad, allowing the emotion’s wave to flow through I need to remain aware that I am not the emotion. I do not identify with the emotion nor do I deny it.
I take responsibility for the emotion acknowledging that it is mine and I can use the energy in the emotion any which way I want. Patterns of emotional expression Of course there are cultural definitions to the expression of emotions as for example we generally weep when we are sad or sit with a long face, shout or bang doors when we are angry or cringe and try to hide when we are afraid etc. patterns of expressing emotions tend to run in families since that is where we get our most intense emotional training. There might also be genetic predispositions to certain styles of expression.

But emotions come and go in every one. Perhaps even in the most enlightened beings, except I would imagine that they have reached a stage where they experience a constant flow of different sensations, energy in a pure form. No labels, no names, which is what emotions are, our perceptions of situations including our minutest physical sensations. An example For example I see a person across the road it is the next door neighbor, the one I do not like too much. Already the sensations are beginning to get labeled. I pretend I have not seen her in order to not have to interact with her. I put energy into looking away.
There is a tightening of the stomach muscles, a tension in the forehead, all very miniscule, nothing that a passer-by might notice. I barely notice them myself. Yet it is there, the aversion that I practice in order to avoid an unpleasant interaction. The cumulative effect of these unacknowledged sensations all add up to give us the dis-eases that we carry. Hence I maintain that all disease is psycho-somatic. If I see my next door neighbor and allow myself to meet her and learn from the event, recognizing the fact that she has the ability to get my goat, I may perhaps greet her in a civil manner.
Neither expressing a dislike nor feigning a warmth. I might listen to what she has to say, without allowing myself to get hooked into any barbs or taunts she chooses to fling at me, remaining aware of the sensations that arise and pass to the best of my ability. Or perhaps it is a day when I simply do not want to meet her and I cross the street aware of the fact that she might take offense but all the while remaining aware of my motivations and taking responsibility for my actions.
So the next time that I encounter her and she questions me about why I crossed the street I can look her in the eye and tell her that it was because I had a heavy day and had not wanted to put any effort into socializing with her, especially since there are many times when I find interacting with her a challenge. responsibility The point is when I take responsibility I ride the wave of the emotion/sensations rather than feeling that I am driven to act in a certain way or compelled to do such and such. In the latter case the choice is always mine, as far as my actions are concerned.
I have no control over what she might say or do and I do not attempt to have any control over that. The ever wider circle of responsibility The last statement is a bit gray. I believe that we are eventually completely responsible for our reality. So if my next door neighbor is nasty with me, it is also because I send out some negative vibrations towards her that she un/consciously reacts to. If I meet her with love and compassion in my heart then there is no way that she would fling any taunts or barbs at me. It might be that she serves as a mirror for my insecurities.
Perhaps, I am an unmarried woman living with my male partner. In my culture this is still a new thing. I imagine that her negativity is a sign of her lack of acceptance of my sexuality. She may or may not have these issues but as long as I have these insecurities I will find someone or the other (most likely her), who reflects these back at me as a reminder for me to address these issues in myself and find my peace with them. Whether I see the interactions as lessons or just as unpleasant events that one has to grit one’s teeth and bear, is again a matter of my choice, conscious or otherwise.
Wow that is a big fat load to carry. So I am responsible not just for my actions, thoughts, feelings and attitudes but also for other people’s behavior! Phew that is huge. No wonder most people want to escape into fantasy and make the movies such big business. But the fact remains we cannot forever put our heads in the sand. Some time or the other we will have to acknowledge the truth so might as well start now. And be gentle with ourselves on this journey. It is after all a journey of self-acceptance as much as of self-awareness/understanding. Read more at Buzzle: http://www. buzzle. com/editorials/9-15-2006-108809. asp


Unintended pregnancy is something I know very much about, I had an unintended pregnancy at the age of 19.  Never in my wildest dream did I think it would happen to me, I knew the consequences of an intimate relationship, but at my age, I was invincible.  While I was sitting with my OB/GYN my options were discussed, and at that time there weren’t all these different ways to deal with an unintended pregnancy, you either had the baby or had an abortion, but abortions were not as “easy” as they are today.  Pills were not given and 10 minute procedures were not around, there was intense bleeding and pain and there was a very real chance that the reproductive organs could be damaged and the patient could never have children later in life.                I chose to have my child and I bless each day that I have her, but not all young women can easily make that decision and with advances in medicine they have more options than ever before.  I was amazed over this past week when I went to Planned Parenthood with a staff member, who is alone, we went over the many options that she had and she was educated in the different ways she could choose her way.  I am not saying that I agree with her choice or the choices of the other women that were in the waiting room, but the idea that they had many options is what I was impressed with.                The contraceptives offered to young adults, presently allow for options based on what fits their needs.  Teen pregnancy is prevalent in the nation and with recently approved long acting contraceptives for adolescents there are ways to help teens be more responsible with intimate relationships.  Intrauterine devices and implants are the choice for the main line of contraception for all women including the young adults.  Currently prescriptions for contraceptives show that the main choice is pills for young adults, some feel it is due to barriers of knowledge and cost (K. McKellen, 2018).  Nurse practitioners will be at the forefront of providing education to their patients, helping reduce the number of teen pregnancies and ensuring that all their patients have access to them.  According to a 2015 survey, only 3.3% of adolescents are using LARC’s for their last sexual encounter.  What has been found through this study was that the type of contraceptive chosen by the patient was directly based on the type of provider they see (S. Dixon, 2018).  Again, this is where nurse practitioners will be vital in aiding how teens and their parents view the use of LARC’s. How do you personally feel about youth and LARC’s?ReferencesMcKellen, e. a. (2018). The Latest in Teen Pregnancy Prevention: Long-Acting Reversible       Contraception. The Journal of Pediatric Medicine, e91-e97.Dixon, e. a. (2018). What Do Parents Know and Believe About LARC Use in Teens?       Journal of Adolescent Health, S37-S140. 

Indian Cuisine

Indian Cuisine Think of India and one of the first things that come to mind is its diversity. A large populous country divided into many states; each with its own unique traditions and gastronomic fare. Indian cooking is one of the most popular cuisines across the globe. Not only is it popular among the large Indian diaspora but also among the mainstream population of North America and Europe. For the uninitiated, Indian food may seem foreign, scary, spicy and not for the faint of heart. This paper aims to explore many of the facets that make up Indian cuisine and hopefully allay any misconceptions or fears that may exist.
The chapters are categorized under the following sections: 1. The Evolution of Indian Cooking 2. Geographical Variation 3. Dietary Customs in India 4. The Story of Spices 5. Curry: What is it? 6. Indian Dining Etiquette The Evolution Of Indian Cooking Indian cuisine derives from a 4000 year timeline. It has significantly evolved as a result of the various influences introduced into the country by many travelers and rulers. Despite this evolution, it has not lost its original identity, but rather became richer with the assimilation of theses varied influences.
The following historical timeline (Bhattacharya, n. d. ) of how Indian gastronomy evolved will help shape our understanding and appreciation of this cooking style. 2000 BC and earlier. Most people believe that the origins of Indian history, and therefore the cuisine, dates back to Mohenjedaro and Harrapan civilizations. It is understood that the Ayurvedic tradition of cooking, which is a complete holistic approach to cooking, evolved at this point in time. In Vedic times, a normal diet consisted of fruit, vegetables, meat, grain, dairy products and honey.

Over time, some segments of the population embraced vegetarianism due to the ancient Hindu philosophy of ahimsa. 1000 BC. At this point we see the first influx of outsiders into the country. The Mohenjodaro people are believed to have been pushed to southern India and the cuisine there is still largely vegetarian. The roots of Hinduism are shaped at this point along with the Vedas and the Mahabharata. The caste system is developed dividing eating habits broadly by caste. For example; the Brahmins were mostly vegetarians while the Kshatriyas were meat eaters. 400 BC:
This period saw the development of Buddhism outside India which resulted in the migration of people as well as their food and dietary requirements. 1200 AD: This period saw several north Indian dynasties rule and became known as the Golden Age of Indian Art. There were several travelers who visited India and were responsible for the introduction of tea. However, from a culinary perspective there are still no significant external influences brought into the country. 1200-1800AD: During the reign of the Moghuls we see the emergence of Moglai cuisine. It’s this type of cooking that people now associate with India.
The cooking style is characterized by the addition of several seasonings like saffron and nuts. The influx of European influences into parts of southern India, such as Kerala, resulted in the beginning of the Syrian Christian cuisine. 1800 – 1947 AD: The age of British colonial rule saw the start of the English love affair with Indian food. It was hardly a glorified period in Indian history, but the British loved the elaborate way of eating and adapted several of the food choices to their taste. They developed the curry as a simple spice to help them cook Indian meals.
Geographical Variation The cuisines of India are as richly diverse and varied as its culture, ethnic makeup and geography. According to Sarakar (n. d. ), the common characteristic of all Indian cooking is the tremendous use and blending of a variety of wonderfully exotic spices. As a land that has experienced extensive immigration and intermingling over the centuries, India’s cuisine has benefited from numerous food influences. The diverse climate which ranges from tropical to alpine has also helped broaden the set of ingredients available for cooking.
Northern India North Indian cuisine is distinguished by a proportionally high use of dairy products. The tawa, or griddle, is used extensively for baking flat breads like roti and paratha. A tandoor oven is also frequently used to cook main courses like chicken. Goat and lamb are favored ingredients of many northern Indian recipes. The samosa, a common appetizer on all Indian restaurant menus, has its roots in northern India. The staple food of most of north Indians are a variety of lentils, vegetables, and roti.
Common north Indian foods such as kebabs and meat dishes originated with the Muslim incursions into the country. The influence of Europeans is also apparent with the creation of new dishes like chicken tikka masala which is actually a British invention during colonial times. Eastern India In the eastern part of India there is a large Oriental influence resulting from an influx of movement from Tibet and Nepal. All of these influences helped form the dietary customs in eastern India. Popular food is this region is a unique blend of vegetarian meals prepared in the traditional Chinese cooking style.
Rice and fish are the staple foods because most of the towns and fishing villages are located on the coast. Southern India Southern Indian cuisine is distinguished by a greater emphasis on rice and the liberal use of coconut, coconut oil and curry leaves. Before Christianity came to India in the early 52 AD, Kerala was strictly vegetarian as regulated by Hinduism. However, after the visit of St. Thomas, Christianity quickly spread throughout Kerala and thus the diet evolved to also include meat. Western India The geography of the landscape and the culture of the people definitely influenced the region’s cuisine.
Rajasthan and Gujarat have hot, dry climates so the relatively smaller varieties of vegetables available are preserved as pickles and chutneys. Culturally these states are largely Hindu and vegetarian. Peanuts and coconut are prominent ingredients as they are freely available. Goa, with its lush green coastline, has an abundance of fresh fish and seafood. Local dishes like Vindaloo are testament to the fact that Goa was a Portuguese colony until the 1960s. This region probably has the most diverse styles of food in India.
Food from the Rajasthan area is spicy and largely vegetarian but includes many meat dishes. Gujarat’s cuisine is know for its slightly sweet taste (at least a pinch of sugar is added to most dishes) and is traditionally entirely vegetarian. Dietary customs in India As you would expect from a country as large and diverse as India, there are a variety of different dietary customs. Religion is a significant contributing factor to the diets of Indians. Hinduism is the dominant religion in India making up about 80% of the population while Muslims, Sikhs, Christians and Buddhists make up a sizeable minority.
Some religions impose dietary restrictions which prohibit the eating of beef or pork. The most commonly served dishes at Indian dinner parties and public functions tend to comprise of chicken, lamb or fish as this avoids any potential difficulties with restricted diets for meat eaters. Here is a general guide to the dietary customs of the three major religious groups in India: Hindus Most Hindus follow a balanced vegetarian diet. Some do eat meat occasionally but Hindus do not eat beef out of reverence for the cow as a sacred animal.
Strict Hindus will also avoid garlic, onions and mushrooms. Mushrooms are thought to promote ignorance, whilst garlic and onions are thought to invoke passion. Muslims Muslims cannot eat pork, lard or any other porcine derivatives. Islam prohibits eating meat that is not slaughtered in the correct Islamic way. Muslims recite the name of God before and after eating, eat with the right hand and find it desirable to always eat in the company of others. Sikhs Sikhs do not believe in ritual killing and are instructed to avoid meat slaughtered in this way.
Although in many aspects Sikhism is less prescriptive than some other religions, most Sikhs do not eat beef or pork. Many Sikhs are vegetarian and in observance of such a variety of dietary habits, all food served in Sikh places of worship is vegetarian. Sikhism is probably the only major organized religion which does not encourage fasting as it is viewed as having no spiritual benefit. The Story Of Spices Spices are the jewels of Indian cooking. Their flavors are meant to be savored and should not be overpowered by the burning sensation resulting from the liberal use of hot chilies.
Parbhoo (1985) suggests that authentic Indian food should generally not be too hot and recommends that spices be used lavishly in the same way cheese or wine is used in French cuisine. Chilies in themselves have very little flavor but contribute to the dish by providing a sensation of heat which can be regulated to the cook’s preference. Spices have three traditional functions: medicinal, preservative and seasoning. Early Indian literature written in Sanskrit and dating back 3000 years to the Vedic period emphasizes the importance of spices for preserving food.
The Ayurveda, an ancient Hindu treatise on medicine, places special emphasis on the medicinal properties of spices. A few of examples of commonly used spices and their additional medicinal benefits are listed below: |Name |Uses in cooking |Medicinal Benefit | |Chilies |Prime ingredient of masalas and provides the heat and |Used to neutralize poison and relieve hypothermia in cases of cholera. | |flavor. | | |Cinnamon |Used for aroma in meat, rice and pickles. Ground cinnamon |Has anti-inflammatory that can lessen joint and muscle pain. | | |used in sweet dishes. | | |Anis Seed |Used in savory dishes to provide flavor. |Used to aid digestion and act as a breath freshener. | |Fenugreek Seeds |Provides a bitter flavor in savory dishes. |Provides relief from coughs, asthma and rheumatism. |Cloves |Used for aromatic qualities in meat and rice dishes. Also |Used as a local anesthetic. | | |an essential ingredient in masalas. | | Curry: What is it? Curry is a generic description used throughout European and American culture to describe a general variety of spiced dishes. The word curry is an anglicized version of the Tamil word kari. Several articles (Sarkar, n. d. ; Smith, 1998) suggest it is usually understood to mean gravy or sauce, rather than spices.
Curry’s popularity in recent decades has spread outward from the Indian subcontinent to figure prominently in international cuisine. While many people think that curry is a particular spice, it is actually a mixture of spices commonly referred to as curry powder. This powder is versatile in both taste and flavor and varies widely depending on the region it comes from. Most people associate curry with a bright yellow color. This color is caused by the spice turmeric that is a common ingredient. However, not all curry powder mixtures contain turmeric and, in fact, curry powders can be as individual as the person making them.
Some spices you might find in this mixture include chilies, cinnamon, cardamom, cumin, nutmeg, cloves, coriander, mace, fenugreek, sesame seeds, red pepper, black pepper, poppy seeds, tamarind and saffron. Oftentimes the curry powder mixture recipe is passed down from one generation to the next and is a safely guarded secret. Indian Dining Etiquette Though Indian cooking uses an extensive array of specialized utensils for various purposes, Indians traditionally do not use much cutlery for eating as many foods are best enjoyed when eating with the hand.
It is a technique that is clean and easy when done correctly. Cook (2008) suggests the reason for using the hands is that it adds an additional element of enjoyment to the taste because it helps with blending the food. In many parts of India, when eating curry, the gravy must not be allowed to stain your finger only the fingertips. The left hand is not used and kept clean to facilitate the passing of dishes along the table. These variations are further compounded and increased by the diversity of the population India, leading to regional differences in the way people dine.
In Janjira’s (2009) article on Indian Dining Etiquette, he explains that in North India it is common to be seated at a dining table to eat. While in south India, especially is Kerala, it is as common to see people sitting down and eating on banana leaves. The entire meal will be placed and served on banana leaves and eaten with the hand. The concept of courses at mealtime does not exist in India. Most Indian homes will serve the food all at once and then keep filling the dishes as dinner progresses. Everything cooked will be made available on the table with the exception of the dessert which will follow once most guests are done eating.
While general etiquette rules might suggest that everything should be tried, it is more in theory than in practice and it is perfectly fine to skip something which might not suit your taste. Desserts on the other hand more often than not require the use of utensils. Unlike the western world where dessert may also be followed by coffee or liquor; the serving of the dessert would often indicate that dinner is almost over. Conclusion As evident in the above chapters, Indian cuisine has a long history of being influenced by the unique needs and tastes of its indigenous people, invaders and explorers.
The food, cooking techniques and ingredients have evolved based on peoples’ religious needs or influenced by the availability of ingredients across India’s vast and varied landscape. But even after all this; Indian cuisine manages to retain its unique heritage and identity in a global gastronomic landscape that tends to be fickled and faddish. Indian food is enjoyed by commoners and royalty alike and it is hoped that this paper will enlighten the reader and allay any fears or misconceptions that may have previously prevented the sampling of Indian cooking.
References Bhattacharya , R (n. d) History of Indian Cooking: A Historical Perspective on Indian Cooking. Retrieved November 25, 2009, from http://www. inmamaskitchen. com/Indian_Cooking/history_Indian_food_cooking. html Cook, S (2008). Indian Eating Etiquette. Retrieved September 28, 2009 from http://www. india-travel-suite101. com/article. cfm/eating_in_indian_style Curry. Retrieved October 15, 2009 from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/curry Indian Cuisine – Origins and Indian Culinary History. Retrieved November 10, 2009, from http://www. ndianfoodsco. com/Classes/CulinayHistory. htm Indian Cuisine. Retrieved October 25, 2009, from http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Indian_cuisine Janjira, M (2009). Indian Dining Etiquette. Retrieved September 22, 2009 from http://www. indianmusings. wordpress. com/2009/02/020indian-dining-etiquette Leong, K (n. d). The Health Benefits of Indian Food. Retrieved October 15, 2009 from http://www. associatedcontent. com/pop_print. shtml? content_type=article&content_typeid=1829365 Parbhoo, R. (1985). Indian Coookery for South Africa.
Cape Town, South Africa: Printpak Books. Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) (September 30th 2008). APA Formatting and Style Guide. Retrieved November 17, 2009, from http://owl. english. purdue. edu/owl/resource/560/01/ Sarkar, P (n. d). The Cuisine Of East India: An Introduction to Eastern Indian Food. Retrieved September 29, 2009 from http://indianfood. about. com/old/thebasics/p/eastindia. htm Smith, D (1998). Definition and History of Curry. Retrieved September 24, 2009 from http://www. curryhouse. co. uk/faq/define. htm

The Legacies Left Behind from Ancient Rome

From ancient times, Rome’s legacies are still the greatest known to man today. Throughout the western world the influence of Roman power is still manifest. The impact of Rome has furthered our society into an effective and successful modern world. Without the advanced structure of buildings and a thorough law process, who knows how different our lives and world would be. The great arches, the high statues and buildings, all come from Roman background. The law process we use to this day is based on the Ancient Roman law format. Although some of the legacies carried on from the Romans weren’t all great i. e. lavery, the good outweighed the bad. Architecture was crucial to the success of Rome, from temples to bridges to aqueducts, every building got more advanced (Suny Oneonta, 2012). As the Roman power grew over an immense area, the Romans built aqueducts to carry adequate amounts of water to all its cities. This has now been implemented underground all over the world and is called plumbing. Many cities around the world still contain amphitheatres. In Ancient Rome amphitheatres acted as arena’s in which spectacles were staged for entertainment. The grandest amphitheatre, most famously called the Colosseum is still standing today.
Triumphant arches like the Arch of Titus or the Arch of Trajan, were to signify great military triumphs and now the structure of the arch is used worldwide. The tradition of Roman architecture has had a very important effect on America. For example, the U. S Supreme Court building in Washington is directly based on the Roman temple type. This particular building related to the Romans all the way down to the white marble, which signifies Roman authority. In Rome there was a building called the ‘Basilica’, this building was the town hall but was commonly used as a courthouse.
Like courthouses today there was an apse where the magistrate sits to control the courthouse and dispense the law (Wikipedia, 2012). Not only have we kept alive the building structure of the Ancient Roman courthouse (Wikipedia, 2012), we have kept the law process too. Although the Roman law is no longer applied in legal practice, the basis of our laws today derive from the Roman traditions (UNRV, 2012). Modifications have been made to suit society as it grows, a coherent system was put in place and laws are written in the national language. Today’s legal system has a Roman eritage and knowledge of Roman law is indispensable to understand the legal systems of today. In Ancient Rome slavery played a big part, whether the Romans owned a slave or whether they were one themselves. Slaves were people captured in battles, which were then sold and forced to work for whoever owned them. Abandoned children were also bought up as slaves. Slaves weren’t all the same prices depending on the age or skill, some were more expensive than others, but all could be bought at the same market place. In Rome a slave is a slave for life.

However a slave could acquire freedom from their owner or if they bought it themselves. A rich man could have as many as 500 slaves and an emperor usually had more than 20,000. Even after Rome passed its days of greatness, it was thought that at least 25% of the population of all people in Rome were slaves (History Learning Site, 2012). This is one of those legacies society could have gone without, although slavery was abolished around 100 years ago, equality is a very big part of today’s contemporary world and this was a very big part of the world 100 years ago (Wikipedia, 2012).
All in all, if you weigh the good and the bad legacies left behind from Rome, there has been a much greater positive impact on today’s contemporary world than a negative one. Although slavery is something the world should be ashamed of, the buildings, the structure, the law process and the language are only some of the great legacies that have shaped our modern world. It doesn’t make up for the long history of equality, but without the majority of the legacies from Rome our world wouldn’t be as successful and effective as it is today.
Without Rome and its legacies, the contemporary world wouldn’t be the same. We would know no different, but imagining the world without these significant details is so challenging because we all live our lives with some basis of Rome. Whether it is the plumbing in a house. Whether it is the arches on a front porch. Whether it is the federal courthouse or the legal system and law process. Rome and its power never really faded because it still affects humanity today, the legacies Rome left behind affect all of us in some way. Bibliography
History Learning Site, 2012, Roman Slaves, 2nd September 2012, http://www. historylearningsite. co. uk/roman_slaves. htm Kpn, 2008, Roman Law, 1st September 2012, http://home. kpn. nl/otto. vervaart/roman_law. htm Rathborne, M. Panczyk, P. Neale, T. Discovering World History Stage 4, 2008, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne. Suny Oneonta, 2012, Roman Power/Roman Architecture, 30th August 2012, http://employees. oneonta. edu/farberas/arth/arth200/politics/roman_architecture. html ThinkQuest, 2011, Government – The Monarchy and Early Rome, 1st September 2012, http://library. hinkquest. org/26602/republic. htm UNRV History, 2012, Ancient Roman Laws, 5th September 2012, http://www. unrv. com/government/laws. php Webmaster, 2012, Legal Roles – Then and Now, 1st September 2012, http://www. dl. ket. org/latin3/mores/legallatin/legal02. htm Webmaster, 2012, The Roman Legal System, 2nd September 2012, http://www. dl. ket. org/latin3/mores/legallatin/legal01. htm Wikipedia, 2012, Architecture of Rome, 30th August 2012, http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Architecture_of_Rome Wikipedia, 2012, Roman Law, 3rd September 2012, http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Roman_law


Evaluate the Want Ads below in terms of employment law.

Help Wanted at Discrimina, Inc.  In recent weeks, Discrimina, Inc. has advertised for the following openings. Evaluate the notices from the standpoint of employment law:  

1. New “parts man” to keep track of inventory. Must be able to go up and down numerous steps without assistance, do a dead lift of 75 pounds and read and write the English language as a native speaker. The applicant has to be polite to the ladies in the office.    

2. Female needed to do typing and light bookkeeping. Must have H.S. diploma, solid ties to the community, and be able to handle rough talk and mild teasing. Applicant should have between 2 and 5 years of experience. Applicant needs to solve any day care problems before taking job.   

3. Machinist needed. High pay for the right able bodied man (or gal!). Experience and Vo-Tech training needed. Health and retirement benefits are available after initiation period. Must be willing to work Mondays through Saturdays. Must not have disruptive attitudes or lifestyle. No religious nuts, addicts, crazies, or drunks.    

4. Junior executive position, personnel. Work with machinists and office staff. Prefer an Asian, Black, Latino, or White woman with experience in personnel matters including anti-discrimination compliance. No old white dudes, please, we are full up!   

5. Gal Friday. Go-fer and greeter in sales office, willing to run errands and do light office work. Will consider young man for this job, if willing to forgo advancement.

1. You are employed by Discrimina, Inc. and Mr. Discrimina has appointed you to a committee to re-write the job ads.     

2. In a brief cover memo in a Word document, discuss how the BFOQs in the jobs might be changed to accommodate more people who can do all or part of the jobs.     

3. Beneath your BFOQ recommendation, in the same Word document, rewrite at least three of the ads in ways that do not discriminate against gender, race, age, education, and so on.

Must have refrences
Must be VERY detailed work!
Must point out specific laws in each example and explain in depth for each part.


In this assignment, you will write an executive summary analyzing the exchange risks, country risks, and political risks the company executive team needs to be aware of in building a manufacturing facility in Brazil. Your summary will also provide a recommendation of the location, the company should select for building a new manufacturing facility. In support of your recommendation, you will refer to the analysis performed and include all calculations.
In addition, for this assignment, using the information in your executive summary, you will create a PowerPoint presentation which will include your recommendation of where to build the new facility, the supporting analysis for your recommendation, and the risks involved in building a new facility in Brazil.
Your employer, GBATT, headquartered in the United States of America, has decided to expand operations into Brazil. Although the decision to expand has been made, the CFO has asked for an analysis of the risks associated with the expansion. Your instructions are to analyze specific risks associated with building a manufacturing facility in Brazil. Include a description of each of the following types of risks and analyze their impact on the decision to build the new facility.

Exchange risks
Country risks
Political risks

For the expansion, GBATT is exploring which of two possible approaches to take for constructing a new manufacturing facility in Brazil. In addition to analyzing the risks associated with the expansion, you have been asked to provide analysis for selecting the best approach for the new facility. The following is the information the CFO provided to you to assist in your analysis.
GBATT’s current capital structure is:

60% equity and 40% debt.
Stockholders require 6% return on their investment.
Bondholders require a 3% return.
The corporate tax rate is 35%.

GBATT has narrowed the choice between two facilities in two different parts of the country. Preliminary analysis has been completed and an estimate of the future net cash flows for each choice has been provided. The original cash flows were provided in U.S. dollars. Dollars are in thousands. 
After completing the risk analysis, use the information from the chart above to complete the following:

Calculate GBATT’s WACC.
Using the WACC and the above cash flows, calculate the NPV of each project.
Justify the importance of knowing a company’s WACC and NPV.
Recommend the facility to build based on the NPV.
Use current exchange rates to convert the NPV’s to the Brazil real.

Note: Exchange rates can be found at Yahoo Finance and other Internet sites.

Hotel System

AMA COMPUTER LEARNING CENTER BSIT & BSCS DEPARTMENT In partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the course Introduction to Software Submitted by: Kim John A. Hidalgo Jairus S. Echevarre Nikki Hanna P. Palanog Submitted to: Karen Kate Seronay Date: February 7, 2013 Chapter 1 Introduction A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-termbasis. The provision of basic accommodation, in times past, consisting onlyof a room with a bed, a cupboard, a small table and a washstand has largely been replaced by rooms with modern facilities, including en-suitebathrooms and air conditioning or climate control.
Today, most of the Hotels provide goods and services using computersystem. It helps to perform task in an easy way with less time consumed. Some companies are become fully automated while others strive for thesimilar setting. Computer programmers develop things like computer system that the rest of us could use. The computer programmers tell the users what todo. They make programs that users can easily used or understand. The advent of new technology gave rise to easy and hassle free interaction between and among humans.
Whether it is in business, science or what ever task a person takes on the quality and speed of carrying it out are enhanced with automation at the core of this efficient Today, many systems have used an automation process like using computer system, due to the efficient and accuracy. “Hotel Reservation System” is a transaction processing system. In this system there are more advantages rather than a manual Hotel Reservation. 1. 1 Background of the Study The proponents want to know the reasons of hotel in using manual reservation.

The proponents conduct a study towards the topic because they notice some of the hotel still use manual reservation. The study will emphasize the effects of using manual reservation and how a computerized reservation will be substituted. Therefore, theproponents purported to find out how to increase the number of customerusing computerized reservation Interaction and individual stimulation have always been linked tothe technological availability of the time and place. With the transition toan information-based society, computers and transactions have evolvedfrom manual transaction.
One of the solutions or alternatives to the problems that a hotel isfacing, a system was being developed which can edit, delete, filter,monitor and store and secured the records of the customers. Hotel Reservation system is a transaction processing system that solves the problem encountered during the manual Hotel Reservation. The computerized Hotel Reservation System aims to simplify the manual Hotel Reservation fastest and accurate. Database is shared thru World Wide Web (WWW).
The proponents make use of some tools andtechniques to build the project. The system uses Graphical User Interface(GUI) to help the user give instruction to the computer. The system once implemented it will solve the most common problems that the Hotel Reservation encounter. 1. 2 Target Client Dotties Place Hotel is a place for relaxation and fun. Rooms with overlooking the swimming pool and view of the hotel. Dotties Place Hotel is located at J. C Aquino Ave. Butuan City 8600, Philippines. 1. 3 Statement of the Problem
A number of travelers choose to book online nowadays for the reason that it is comfortable and convenient. The level of convenience is simply unmatched because booking is just a click away. The advantages that come along with online booking cannot be ignored. This study will aid those hotels which are still using the manual way of hotel reservation and will facilitate travelers in booking in a hotel. It would also promote the hotel in a wider geographical range that is to advertise the hotel to acquire a competitive advantage over the other.
Not all hotels are implementing an online reservation system which is the reason why some problems arise and that convenience is not achieved by the management and by the travelers. Through series of interviews, the researchers found the following problems: * Important personal information of the guest are misspelled; * Possible loss of important guests’ records who already made a reservation for a particular date; * Inconvenient for the guest to reserve a room & Delayed report generation. 1. 4 Objective of the Study
The main purpose of the study is to develop a generic online hotel reservation system to allow guests to reserve a room through the Internet. The development of this study specifically aims to: * Provide the exact information of the guest; * Provide a centralized record for the proper management of the information of the guest; * Provide convenience for the guest to make a reservation, show the availability of the room and give suggestions on the available rooms for the guest; and * Generate generic reports to inform the management about the reservation. . 5 Significance of the Study This study is basically useful for the hotel management in the reservation in a way that it provides convenience both to the guest and the front desk officer. This study will be significant in the hotel owner as well as to hotel staff to gain more profit since it is online, the geographical reach will be widen thus making sales growth increased from time to time. Costumer convenience will also be emphasized because they can make any transaction anytime, anywhere. 1. 6. 0 SCOPE AND LIMITATION
The scope of the study is that the researchers will give a proper webiste that can be easily to use. Using computerized system that enables bussinesses to track services and aims to provide accurate and reliable process on every transaction especially in a hotel reservation finding available rooms, the system tells you that this room is unavailable, deleting records, adding records, and to search records. This study is limited to other functions like printing the records. This study cannot have it’s own domain, due to lack of funds though this research is intended for educational purpose only. . 6. 1 Include The study focused mainly on the development of a generic online hotel reservation system. This allows the guest to inquire on the availability of every room in the hotel. The system is capable of registering the guest and a Captcha will also be provided to protect the system from web spiders. The system will accept online payment for hotels that require down payment through scanning and uploading of the bank receipt. Some hotels do not require down payment and the payment will be upon the arrival of the guest 1. 6. 2 Exlclude
The system is limited to some areas wherein there will be two forms that the guest will fill-up. First will be the Guest Registration Form containing the guest name, address, age, gender, status  and the other one is the Guest Room Inquiry and Reservation Form which contains the availability of the room, arrival date, check-in date. 1. 6. 3 Dependency The system runs in a client-server environment. The hotel serves as the server-side and the guest is the client. The server is responsible for the confirmation and in specifying the grace period of the reservation.
The system will automatically cancel the reservation if the guest exceeds in the grace period provided. Chapter 3 Software Analysis and Design 3. 2. 0 Model System Planning Water Fall Model Systems Analysis Systems Design Systems Development System Testing System Implementation Systems planning Systems planning phase is where the project initiation and requirements gathering takes place. In this phase, the researchers performed brainstorming. It helped a lot in the data gathering of the researchers in order to list the requirements needed by the system as to its development.
Systems analysis Systems analysis is the dissection of a system into its component pieces to study how those component pieces interact and work. Appropriate data were gathered by the researchers and were used for the systems requirement specification. The specified existing problems were given adequate solutions. Through series of interviews, the researchers have analyzed the given data to come up with concrete information and to specify the existing problems sequentially. Systems design
Systems design is the process of defining the architecture, components, modules, interfaces, and data for a system to satisfy specified system requirements. In this phase also, the researchers used the gathered data in order to accomplish the logical design of the proposed system. System Development In the development of the system, the researchers considered the detailed users’ requirements to meet the desired requirements. These requirements are the guidelines in creating the reliable and better system.
In this phase, the researchers also select the programming language to be used in the development of the system. The main task of the researchers in this phase is to generate the code of the system. System Testing In this phase, the system is tested against its performance and based on the requirements specified in the earlier phase using two different ways. First was the Alpha Testing wherein the developers/researchers checked the system if it is capable of running in different operating systems.
The researchers entered invalid inputs into the system to test if the system can handle such errors and give possible response. Second was the Beta testing, to test if the system is capable in making reservation through the internet. And the management can evaluate the developed system if it is user-friendly and if it meets the necessary requirements in the reservation process. System Implementation In this phase, the final product is the fully featured system with full functionality is then implemented. 3. 2. 1 Use Case Diagram New Entry for Check in Update Check In
Perform Checkout View Room Status Search Customer Information Staff Customer 3. 2. 2 Activity Diagram Stop User name and password do not match Start Log-inNO Staff Yes Check Availability Fill Check In Form Check In Update Reservation Checkout User name and password do not match Log-in Start Stop Adminn NO Yes Add room info Add room type info Change hotel profile Set room price Set floor info Generate Reports 3. 2. 3 Class DiagramCustomer
Cid : Integer Fname :Varchar Mname :Varchar Lname :Varchar Gender : Integer Contact No. : Integer Emailadd: Varchar(50) checkinDate: DateTime Stay : Integer Checkoutdate:DateTime Prepaid : Integer Room Info RoomId: Integer Room No. : Integer Roomava: Integer Floor: Varchar RoomType RoomType ID : Integer RoomType: Varchar Room No: integer Login Usrname: Varchar (50) Password: Varchar(50) Permission: varchar(50) Hotel Profile Name: Varchar Address: Vharchar Email: Varchar Contact No. : Integer AddHotelProfile() UpdaeHotelProfile()


1.  Connie decided to purchase a $1,000 laptop computer to use during school. When she went into Computer Retailer Inc., the salesperson also sold her a 5-year service agreement for $1,200.  She then bought the computer and the service agreement for the computer in one contract for a total price of $2,200. Nine months later, the laptop stopped working and Computer Retailer refused to perform on their service agreement. Explain whether this is a contract for goods or a common law contract? Explain fully, with the correct rule of law, and a complete explanation.
2. In the above, assume that there was no service agreement, and nothing was said about any warranties, could Connie get her computer fixed at no cost to her?  Explain fully, with the correct rule of law, and a complete explanation.
3. The Uniform Commercial Code implies a warranty of merchantability to protect buyers of goods. To comply with this warranty do the goods need to be fit for all of the purposes for which the buyer intends to use the goods?  Explain your answer completely.
4. You purchased a new lawn mower from a Big Box Store, and it said that the lawn mower came with “no warranties whatsoever”, because this was a closeout sale and there was also a sign that said “as is”.  You have now used the lawnmower for the first time and due to a small gasoline leak the lawnmower catches on fire and burns your house down.  You can show that the leak was caused by a defect in the lawnmower that existed when you bought the lawnmower.  Will you be able to recover your losses from big box store?  Explain you answer fully with the correct rule of law.  You may not use strict product liability as the rule of law. 
5. Crawford owns Vineyards. He entered into firm sales agreements to sell 200 tons of Sirhan wine grapes to Hogue Winery on January 15 and 100 tons to St. Michelle Winery on February 15. The contract specified that all the grapes were to come from Crawford’s vineyard. A mid-summer rain and thunderstorm occurred. There was lightning generated in the storm and it started a field fire in the vineyard where Crawford grew the Sirhan wine grapes. The fire destroyed all of Crawford’s Sirhan wine grapes. Since Crawford cannot deliver all of the grapes contracted for, does he have an excuse to get out of the contract and not be liable to either of the parties?  Explain fully, using the correct rule of law.  Whatever answer you come up with must be fully defended based on the proper rule of law.
6. Now assume that the contract price to both Hogue and St. Michelle was $2300 per ton.  Because of the fire, many of the Sirhan grapes in the region were destroyed, so the price of grapes has gone to $3000 per pound.  Assuming that Crawford does not have a legal excuse, how much will Crawford have to pay to Hogue and to St. Michelle’s Wineries.  Explain fully using the correct rule of law.
7. Now assume that the above lawsuit caused both Hogue and St. Michelle to wait for the outcome, which took one month and the price of grapes, has risen to $3500 per ton, and it cost each lost profits due to the delay in the production of wine.  Will they be able to recover the additional $500 per ton and/or the lost profits?  Explain fully using the correct rule of law.
8. The Custom Furniture Company sells fine custom furniture. It has been encountering difficulties lately with some customers who have breached their contracts after the furniture they have selected has been customized to their order or the fabric they have selected has been cut or actually installed on the piece of furniture purchased. The company therefore wishes to resort to a liquidated damages clause in its sales contract to encourage performance or provide an acceptable amount of damages. Regarding the contemplated resort to a liquidated damages clause, what must Custom Furniture be aware of in construction the liquidated damages clause?  Explain fully, using the correct rule of law.
9. Brown ordered 100 cases of Delicious Brand canned peas at list price from Smith Wholesaler. Immediately upon receipt of Brown’s order, Smith sent the peas.  The peas arrived on 3-21-18.  Brown put the peas on the store’s shelves and started selling them on 3-22-18.  Within a few days Brown received a lot of complaints from customers about the peas being spoiled and not edible. (Remember they were canned peas, and the cans showed no signs of any problems).  Brown has refunded all of the money to the customers and now wants to have some type of recovery from Smith.  Describe fully what Brown’s rights are at this point, and what Smith’s rights are at this point.  You may not use any type of warranty for this answer.  You must use the correct rule(s) of law for this answer.
10. Pretty Co. entered into a contract to sell an antique oriental carpet to Buyer for $20,000. One month before the designated delivery date, Pretty contacted Buyer and told them they needed to charge an extra $5,000 or Buyer “should look elsewhere for a carpet.” Buyer has found two similarly colored oriental carpets that were approximately the same size; one cost $15,000 but was of lower quality, and the other $40,000 although it was of a much higher quality than the one they expected to purchase from Pretty. What will Buyer’s remedies be against Pretty?  You must explain fully using the appropriate rule of law.   You may assume that Pretty Co. still has the carpet they agreed to sell to Buyer.
11. Darrow ordered 100 sets of custom-made bookends from Benson Manufacturing Inc. Darrow made $5000 prepayment of the purchase price of $10,000. Benson is insolvent and has filed for bankruptcy on 3-25-18.  The goods have been manufactured; they have not been delivered as promised. Darrow wants the bookends. What must Darrow do to be able to get the goods, and how many of the bookends would Darrow be able to recover?  Explain fully using the correct rule of law.
12. Ace & Co. entered into a written contract to purchase 35 computer manuals from Lamb & Co. at $200 each.  Ace was located in Seattle and Lamb in Boston, but the manuals were to be shipped from New York. Lamb hid the defective books in the bottom of the boxes. Upon receipt of the manuals, Ace only inspected the top manual and signed an acknowledgment of delivery. Nine days later it discovered that all the other books had been misprinted. Ace bought 35 manuals from another source to fulfill their contract with their buyer.   The price for the replacement manuals was $250 each, and that was a fair price.  Explain fully what Ace’s rights are against Lamb.  You must use the correct rule(s) of law.